In this theory, a compound conditioned stimuli (such as a tone + light) can have an association with an unconditioned stimulus as a compound unit. This theory is: A. Configural theory B. Spence's theory of inhibition/excitation C. Kohler's theory of relational learning D. Rescorla-Wagner's theory of discrimination learning
Correct Answer- Rescorla-Wagner's theory of discrimination learning.
They suggested that not only conditioned stimuli physically present on a given trial can undergo changes in their associative strength, the associative value of a CS can also be altered by a within-compound-association with a CS present on that trial. A within-compound-association is established if two CSs are presented together during training (compound stimulus). If one of the two component CSs is subsequently presented alone, then it is assumed to activate a representation of the other (previously paired) CS as well. Van Hamme and Wasserman propose that stimuli indirectly activated through within-compound-associations have a negative learning parameter—thus phenomena of retrospective reevaluation can be explained.
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