Question

1. The presence of two or more disorders in the same individual is called ____. a....

1. The presence of two or more disorders in the same individual is called ____.

a. binormality

b. comorbidity

c. bipathology

d. cofunctionality

2. Gabriel has become so fearful of going outside of his home alone and of being in open spaces such as parking lots that he has difficulty holding a job. This is best described as ____.

a. antisocial personality disorder

b. a panic attack

c. agoraphobia

d. claustrophobia

3. Twin studies have found concordance rates of 63% to 87% between identical twins for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). What does this suggest?

a. OCD is not affected by genetic factors

b. OCD has a strong genetic vulnerability

c. OCD is a learned behavior through classical conditioning.

d. OCD can be attributed to evolutionary causal factors

4. People with major depressive disorder often have low levels of certain neurotransmitters, particularly

a. dopamin

b. norepinephrine and serotonin

c. GABA

d. acetylcholine

5. People with an underlying biological or psychological predisposition for a disorder are more likely than others to develop a disorder when faced with adverse environmental events. This is called the ______.

a. diathesis-stress model

b. medical model

c. psychosocial model

d. DSM model.

Homework Answers

Answer #1

1. The correct answer is option B(Comorbidity). It is defined as the presence of one or more additional diseases or disorders co-occurring with a primary disease or disorder.

2. The correct answer is option C(agoraphobia). It is a type of anxiety disorder in which you fear and avoid places or situations that might cause you to panic and make you feel trapped, helpless or embarrassed.

3. The correct answer is option B. The symptoms of OCD may arise following head trauma, the brain inflammation caused by encephalitis, and seizure disorder. The young children who experienced birth complications or streptococcal infections may be more likely to develop the disorder later in life.

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