Presented below are five scenarios where ethical violations may have occurred. The student should assess each...

Presented below are five scenarios where ethical violations may have occurred. The student should assess each scenario relative to whether it violates one or more of the following "ethical norms," or none at all. The norms, plus the “null hypothesis,” are:

Organizational norms (O), which consist of workplace rules/expectations (e.g., be on time, don’t shirk your work, follow the patrol guide).

Professional norms (P), which are rules binding on members of one or another profession, (e.g., doctors must "do no harm," accountants must report honestly).

Legal norms (L), which are rules enshrined in constitutions, statute and common law, (e.g., no citizen shall be denied due process).

Social/Ethical norms (S), which are widely held understandings between individuals about the treatment they expect from one another, (e.g., treat others as you would like to be treated).

No norms violated (N). A null hypothesis!

To complete this exercise, after each case description below insert the letter or letters (O, P, L, S, or N) that represent your determination of what applies in each scenario. Then take two of the cases and, to finish your answer, explain in more detail why the norms you chose apply.

1. It is 4:45. The Post Office where you work closes at 5:00. No walk-in customers are in sight. No cars are in the parking lot. You and your fellow employees lock the door and start tallying the receipts. Everyone is on their way home by 5:01, with no other customers having shown up. _______
2.You are a police officer at the end of your 8-hour tour. You arrest a street corner drug dealer after witnessing a drug deal going down, having ignored others dealing in plain sight on the same corner earlier in your tour. Now, however, all the hours processing this last-minute arrest will take place on mandatory overtime. _________
3.You are a college security director who knows that campus crime statistics have been suppressed. You deliver an orientation presentation that assures incoming students and their parents how safe the campus is. __________
4.You are a social service worker, and lunch is looming. You notice that the center’s most obnoxious client is next on your line. You deliberately draw out the interview with your current client until your lunch hour, so that Mr. Obnoxious ends up with one of your co-workers. _________
5.You are a policy-maker considering how certain citizens are at risk of life and limb, and the loss of all their possessions, because they reside in highly flood prone areas. You recommend that nothing be done, reasoning that avoiding casualties and destroyed possessions will entail housing upgrades and levee strengthening that will cost much more than paying any compensation future victims might obtain from existing government programs or the courts______

Homework Answers

Answer #1

1 O 2 O 3A 4P 5P

1 -Here since I work in post and I am observing that no customer is coming, in addition I am leaving office at 5:01 i.e after the stated time. But since I am closing door early to tally receipts, it means that customer can think that office isnclosed and would not come even at the 11th hour. Though I am leaving office on time I am breaking office rule of to serve customers by 5.

4 - Being a social worker it is my moral responsibility to be on job for everybody. But I am not entertaining thhat obnoxious customer, because of my lunch interest. Here, being a social worker I ideally be able to convince customer about lunch which I would have and then proceed with work. But I am not doing that.hence voilating proffesional - social worker's interest or work ethics.

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