Question

Constructivist learning approaches and techniques ALL emphasize Select one: a. school based learning activities b. group...

Constructivist learning approaches and techniques ALL emphasize Select one:

a. school based learning activities

b. group collaboration during activities

c. authentic learning activities

d. highly structured learning activities

Only one of the following consequences has been shown to be an effective and appropriate punishment for most students. Which one?

Select one:

a. Extra Homework

b. Scolding

c. Embarrassment in front of classmates

d. Suspension from school

A similarity between Piaget and Vygotsky’s theory is that

Select one:

a. both believed students should work individually when learning.

b. both believed students needed social experiences when learning.

c. both believed students needed a master to help them learn.

d. both believed students needed authentic learning experiences.

Application of Vygotsky's zone of proximal development concept would include

Select one:

a. using highly structured materials to introduce new content rather than semi- structured tasks.

b. making new tasks slightly beyond the student's current level of ability.

c. not introducing new tasks until prerequisite tasks are satisfactorily mastered.

d. requiring the student to work completely independently, regardless of success or failure.

Which of the following is NOT one of the four principles of Vygotsky’s learning theory?

Select one:

a. Language plays a critical role in mental development.

b. Children mental development progresses through distinct stage periods.

c. Children construct their knowledge.

d. Social context is important in human mental development.

In the clip of the Office you watched in the online lecture, Jim trained Dwight to want a mint every time he heard the computer restart. This is an example of classical conditioning because:

Select one:

a. Jim has forced a voluntary response in Dwight

b. Jim uses desire to train the behavior in Dwight

c. Jim uses rewards to prevent behavior in Dwight

d. Jim caused an involuntary response in Dwight

I am training my dog to roll over. I start by giving her a treat every time she sits. Then I only give her a treat when she lays down, and then only when she lays on her side. Eventually I only give her a treat when she rolls all the way over. This is an example of

Select one:

a. Classical conditioning

b. Presentation reinforcement

c. Operant conditioning

d. Shaping the behavior

A major difference between behavioral learning theories and constructivist learning theories is that

Select one:

a. behavioral theories focus on cognitive development and constructivism focuses on the training of individuals to organize schemes.

b. behavioral theories focus on training desired behaviors and constructivism focuses on learning as an active, constructive process.

c. behavioral theories focus on involuntary responses that determine our behaviors and constructivism focuses on organizing knowledge.

d. behavioral theories focus on our responses to stimuli and constructivism focuses on our responses to the environment.

Which of the following scientists studied young children’s fear response?

Select one:

a. B.F. Skinner

b. J.B. Watson

c. E.L. Thorndike

d. I.P. Pavlov

Only one of the following statements reflects an accurate comparison of Gardner’s and Sternberg’s theories of intelligence. Which one?

Select one:

a. Both theorists characterize intelligence as a multifaceted ability, such that children may behave intelligently in one situation but not in another.

b. Sternberg restricts his view of intelligence to the cognitive abilities and processing skills related to academic success, whereas Gardner takes a broader perspective.

c. Gardner believes that intelligence is comprised of multiple abilities, whereas Sternberg views it as being comprised of a single entity.

d. Both theorists view the development of intelligence as being almost exclusively the result of nurture rather than nature.

Homework Answers

Answer #1

1. Highly structured learning activities (option d)

2. Suspension from school (option d)

3. Both believed that students needed social experiences while learning (option b)

4. Making new tasks slightly above the current ability of the students (option b)

5. Children's mental development progresses through distinct stage periods (option b)

6. Jim uses desire to train the behaviour in Dwight (option b)

7. Shaping the behaviour (option d)

8. Behavioral theory focus on training desired behaviour and constructivism focus on active, constructive process. (option b)

9. J B Watson (option b)

10.

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