Question

# 0.100 kg of water at 10∘C is added to 0.300 kg of soup at 50∘C. Assume...

0.100 kg of water at 10∘C is added to 0.300 kg of soup at 50∘C. Assume complete transfer of thermal energy from soup to the water, with no transfer of energy to the environment. Specific heat of water is 4180 J/kg⋅∘C. The soup has the same specific heat as water.

A) Determine the final temperature? Express in Celsius

B) Estimate the entropy change of this water-soup system during the process using the actual temperatures to determine the heat transferred and the average temperatures to determine the entropy change? Express in dimension of entropy (J/K)

let m1 = 0.1 kg
T1 = 10 C = 10 + 273 = 283 K
m2 = 0.3 kg
T2 = 50 C = 50 + 273 = 323 K
C = 4180 J/(kg C)
A)
let T3 is the final temperature.

heat gained by water = heat lost by soup

m1*C*(T3 - T1) = m2*C*(T2 - T3)

0.1*(T3 - 10) = 0.3*(50 - T3)

==> T3 = 40 degrees celcius <<<<<<<------Answer

B) T3 = 40 + 273

= 313 K

Total change in entropy = m1*C*ln(T3/T1) + m2*C*ln(T3/T2)

= 0.1*4180*ln(313/283) + 0.3*4180*ln(313/323)