Question

# Scientists want to place a 3200 kg satellite in orbit around Mars. They plan to have...

Scientists want to place a 3200 kg satellite in orbit around Mars. They plan to have the satellite orbit a distance equal to 2.1 times the radius of Mars above the surface of the planet. Here is some information that will help solve this problem:

mmars = 6.4191 x 1023 kg
rmars = 3.397 x 106 m
G = 6.67428 x 10-11 N-m2/kg2

1. What is the force of attraction between Mars and the satellite?

2. What speed should the satellite have to be in a perfectly circular orbit?

3. How much time does it take the satellite to complete one revolution?

4. Which of the following quantities would change the speed the satellite needs to orbit at?

the mass of the satellite

the mass of the planet

the radius of the orbit

5. What should the radius of the orbit be (measured from the center of Mars), if we want the satellite to take 8 times longer to complete one full revolution of its orbit?

1. What is the force of attraction between Mars and the satellite?

F = GMm / r2

where M is mass of Mars and m is mass of satellite

F = 6.67e-11 * 6.4191e23 * 3200 / ( 2.1 * 3.397e6 + 3.397e6)2

F = 1236 N

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2. What speed should the satellite have to be in a perfectly circular orbit?

v = sqrt ( GM / r)

v = sqrt ( 6.67e-11 * 6.4191e23 / ( 2.1 * 3.397e6 + 3.397e6))

v = 2016.4 m/s

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3. How much time does it take the satellite to complete one revolution?

T = distance / speed

T = 2 * pi * ( 2.1 * 3.397e6 + 3.397e6) / 2016.4

T = 32814.09 seconds

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4.

the radius of the orbit

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5.

radius will be 4 times larger