Q6] A hydrogen atom transitions from the ni = 5 state down to the ground state. In the process it emits a photo of light. The photon then strikes a photo-electric material with a work function of Wo = 7.5eV . a) What is the wavelength of the photon emitted from the transition of the hydrogen atom? b) What is the kinetic energy of the electron ejected from the photo-electric material?
For an electron transition from n1 to n2 wavelength of photon emitted is
R is the Rydberg constant
For n1=5 to n2=1 we have
a) So, energy of the photon emitted is
b) As energy of the photon is greater than the work function, electrons will be emitted
Kinetic energy of the electron emitted is
phi is the work function of the metal
Putting the values,
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