Question

a plunger cylinder device contains 0.8 kg of water at 4 Mpa and
500 ° C, it begins to lose heat causing the piston to descend to a
set of stops inside the cylinder, at which point saturated steam is
obtained through an isobaric process. Cooling continues until the
cylinder contains water at 1 atm pressure. The heat transferred
during this process is kJ

Answer #1

A piston-cylinder apparatus contains 4 kg of saturated liquid
water at 35˚C. The piston’s cross sectional area is 0.06 m2 , and
initially it is resting on stops, enclosing a volume of 0.03 m3 .
To raise the piston, a pressure of 300kPa has to be applied. Heat
is transferred until the volume is 0.075 m3 , at which point the
piston encounters a linear spring. To deflect the spring 1 m, a
force of 360 kN is required. More...

A piston-cylinder device with a set of stops initially contains
0.35 kg of steam at 1.0 MPa and 900 degrees C. The location of the
stops corresponds to 44 percent of the initial volume. Now the
steam is cooled. Determine the magnitude of the compression work if
the final state is (A) 1.0 MPa and 600 degrees C and W=. kJ (B) 500
kPa. W=. kJ (C) Also determine the temperature at the final state
in part (B). T2=. C

A piston-cylinder device initially contains 75 g of saturated
water vapor at 340 kPa . A resistance heater is operated within the
cylinder with a current of 0.6 A from a 300 V source until the
volume doubles. At the same time a heat loss of 7 kJ occurs.
Part A)Determine the final temperature (T2).
Part B)Determine the duration of the process.
Part C)
What-if scenario: What is the final
temperature if the piston-cylinder device initially contains
saturated liquid water?

A piston cylinder device contains 0.15 kg of air initially at 2
MPa and 350 C. First, the air expands isothermally to a pressure of
500 kPa. Then, it is compressed polytropically back to the initial
pressure (2 MPa) with a polytropic exponent of 1.2. Find the work
performed or introduced by or to the air for each process. Express
it both times in kJ.

A piston-cylinder device contains 0.54 kg of steam at 300
degrees C and 3 MPa. Steam is cooled at constant pressure until
one-half of the mass condenses. (A) Find the final temperature (B)
Determine the volume change

A piston cylinder device contains 5 kg of Refrigerant 134a at
800 kPa and 70 C. The refrigerant is now cooled at constant
pressure until it reaches a saturated vapor state. How much heat
was lost in the process? Express your result in kJ and you may
ignore the negative sign.

A piston cylinder device containing 0.5 kg of water has initial
volume of 0.5L. The device starts and goes through a Carnot cycle
and generates 500.3 kJ work. If the maximum temperature that water
will reach is 1.5 times the minimum temperature of water and during
heat rejection process, water goes from saturated vapor to
saturated liquid phase Find: 1. QH & QL for this cycle 2. TH
& TL for this cycle . 3. Maximum and minimum pressures that...

A
piston-cylinder device contains 3.2 kg of air at 400 kPa and 10°C.
Heat is transfered to air and the piston is allowed to expand at
constant pressure until its temperature reaches 50°C. The work done
during this expansion process is: Use kj units

Three kilograms (3.0 kg) of saturated steam at 162oC is held in
a closed piston-cylinder apparatus with a weighted piston that
exerts a constant force on the steam. The piston-cylinder apparatus
loses energy to the surroundings such that at a certain point 50%
of the steam has condensed to a saturated liquid inside the
cylinder (NOTE: the vapor and liquid are still saturated at the new
condition).
a. For the process described above, determine the heat exchange
with the surroundings....

H3.3 A frictionless piston-cylinder device contains 2 kg of H2O
initially at T1 = 300◦C and p1 = 5 bar. The device is cooled at
constant pressure until the volume is ∀2 = 0.5 m3 . Assume a
quasiequillibrium process which occurs slowly with no acceleration
as the piston moves. Kinetic and potential energy effects are
negligible. Determine: a. work [kJ] during process (indicate
magnitude and direction) b. heat transfer [kJ] during process
(indicate magnitude and direction)

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