Consider a collision between two carts, one of mass mA= 5 kg and the otherof mass mB= 7 kg, on a frictionless track. (A). Find the final velocity of Cart A, if both objects are initially moving in opposite directions toward each other at 12 m/s, and Cart B completely stops due to the collision. (B). Is this an elastic or inelastic collision? Why?
a) mass of A=mA = 5 kg
mass of cart B=mB=7 kg
initial velocity of A=12 m/s
initial velocity of B=-12 m/s
initial momentum of system = (5*12)+(7*-12)=-24 kg-m/s
final velocity of cart B=0
Let final velocity of A=vA
From momentum conservation,we get
-24 = 5*vA
vA = -24/5=-4.8 m/s
Therefore, cart A moves in opposite direction at 4.8 m/s
B)Since the cars do not stick to each other after collision, the collision is not inelastic
initial kinetic energy of system = 0.5*5*122+0.5*7*122 = 864 J
finla kinetic energy of system = 0.5*5*4.82 = 57.6 J
Since the energy is not conserved , the collision is not elastic.
Therefore, the collision is neither elastic nor inelastic
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