Question

The toadfish makes use of resonance in a closed tube to produce very loud sounds. The tube is its swim bladder, used as an amplifier. the sound level of this creature has been measured as high as 97 dB.

(a) Calculate the intensity of the sound wave emitted.

__________________W/m2

(b) What is the intensity level if seven of these fish try to imitate seven frogs by saying "Budweiser" at the same time?

____________________dB

Answer #1

Sound intensity level in dB of a sound at intensity I is defined
as:

L = 10∙log₁₀( I/I₀ )

with I₀ = 10⁻¹²W/m² threshold of hearing

Thanks

Therefore

I = I₀ ∙ 10^( L/10 )

So a sound with a level of 97dB has an intensity of

I = 10⁻¹²W/m² ∙ 10^( 97/10 )

= 0.005011

Because sound intensity level is a logarithmic scale, multiplying
the sound intensity by some factor corresponds to an addition of
some other factor to the level.

Let L' be the SIL associated with r times of original intensity I
and level L, i.e.:

L' = 10∙log₁₀( r ∙ I/I₀)

because log(a∙b) = log(a) + log(b)

L' = 10∙log₁₀(r) + 10∙log₁₀( I/I₀ )

<=>

L' = 10∙log₁₀(r) + L

So seven fish sounding together cause a sound intensity level
of:

L' = 10∙log₁₀(7) + 97

= 105.45dB

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