Question

# An L-C circuit consists of a 69.5-mH inductor and a 240-µF capacitor. The initial charge on...

An L-C circuit consists of a 69.5-mH inductor and a 240-µF capacitor. The initial charge on the capacitor is 5.95 µC, and the initial current in the inductor is zero.

(a) What is the maximum voltage across the capacitor?
__________ V

(b) What is the maximum current in the inductor?
__________ A

(c) What is the maximum energy stored in the inductor?
__________ J

(d) When the current in the inductor has half its maximum value, what is the charge on the capacitor?
__________C

When the current in the inductor has half its maximum value, what is the energy stored in the inductor?
_____________ J

A.

Q = C*V

Vmax = Q/C = 5.95*10^-6/(240*10^-6)

Vmax = 0.0247 V

Part B

Energy stored is given by:

U = 0.5*L*i)max^2 = 0.5*Q^2/C

i)max = Q/sqrt (LC)

i)max = 5.95*10^-6/sqrt (69.5*10^-3*240*10^-6)

i)max = 0.00146 Amp = 1.46*10^-3 Amp

Part C

Umax = 0.5*L*i)max^2

Umax = 0.5*69.5*10^-3*(1.46*10^-3)^2 = 7.41*10^-8 J

Part D

If i = i)max/2, then energy stored in inductor

UL = Umax/4

UC = 3*Umax/4

UC = 3*Q^2/(4*2*C) = q^2/2C

q = Q*sqrt (3/4)

q = 5.95*10^-6*sqrt (3/4) = 5.15*10^-6 C

Part E.

energy stored in inductor will be

UL = Umax/4

UL = 7.41*10^-8/4 = 1.85*10^-8 J

#### Earn Coins

Coins can be redeemed for fabulous gifts.