Question

Consult Interactive Solution 27.18 to review a model for solving this problem. A film of oil lies on wet pavement. The refractive index of the oil exceeds that of the water. The film has the minimum nonzero thickness such that it appears dark due to destructive interference when viewed in visible light with wavelength 612 nm in vacuum. Assuming that the visible spectrum extends from 380 to 750 nm, what is the longest visible wavelength (in vacuum) for which the film will appear bright due to constructive interference?

Answer #1

?(oil) > ?(water) , Let the thickness = t.

Path travelled by the ray reflected from oil = ?/2

Path travelled by ray that entered oil and then got reflected by
water = 2t(?(oil))

For destructive interference,

Path difference = 2t(?(oil)) - ?/2 = (2n + 1)?/2 where n is a
positive integer.

t = (n + 1)(?/2) / (?(oil))

putting different values of n, we get different values of t.

n = 1, t = ?/2?

Similarly, for constructive interference of reflected waves,

2t(?(oil)) - ?/2 = n?

t = (2n + 1)(?/4)/? = (2n + 1)?/4?

By destructive interference, we find ?t

?/2? = t

?t = ?/2 = 612/2 = 306 nm

Substitute this in constructive equation,

t = (2n + 1)?/4?

? = 4?t / (2n + 1)

? = 4(306) / (2n + 1)

Put n such that the wavelength lands in visible
spectrum.

n = 1

= 4(306) / (2*1 +1)

? = 408 nm

A film of oil lies on wet pavement. The refractive index of the
oil exceeds that of the water. The film has the minimum nonzero
thickness such that it appears dark due to destructive interference
when viewed in visible light with wavelength 673 nm in vacuum.
Assuming that the visible spectrum extends from 380 to 750 nm, what
is the longest visible wavelength (in vacuum) for which the film
will appear bright due to constructive interference?
please help thank you

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