Question

# 1. A parallel plat capacitor with C= 20 ?F is being charged by a battery of...

1. A parallel plat capacitor with C= 20 ?F is being charged by a battery of ?=12 V. If total resistance of the circuit is 5.2 k?, then: a) How long does it take for the capacitor to charge to 90% of fully charged? b) Draw the current profile and determine the current at this time. c) How much energy is stored in the capacitor by this time? 3 d) To what value should we change the resistance so that the time in part (a) is reduced by 50%? e) If the capacitor plate separation distance d = 1.0 mm, calculate the E and the B field values and directions between the plates of the capacitor at this time? Do they depend on the location inside plates?

1.

C = Capacitance = 20 uF

E = battery Voltage = 12 Volts

R = resistance = 5200 ohm

Time constant for the circuit is given as

T = RC = 5200 x 20 x 10-6 = 0.104 sec

Given that : Q = 0.90 Qo

Using the equation

Q = Qo (1 - e-t/T)

0.90 Qo = Qo (1 - e-t/T?)

0.90 = (1 - e-t/0.104)

t = 0.24 sec

b)

Vc = Voltage across the capacitor = 0.90 E = 0.90 x 12 = 10.8 Volts

Vr = Voltage across the resistor = 12 - 10.8 = 1.2 Volts

Using ohm's law , current is given as

i = Vr /R = 1.2 /5200 = 2.3 x 10-4 A

c)

U = energy stored = (0.5) C Vc2 = (0.5) (20 x 10-6) (10.8)2 = 0.0012 J

d)

t = 0.50 x 0.24 = 0.12 sec

Using the equation

Q = Qo e-t/T

0.90 Qo = Qo (1 - e-0.12/T)

T = 0.9 sec

RC = 0.052

R (20 x 10-6) = 0.052

R = 2600 ohm

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