I discussed the idea of hooking up a video camera to a visible-light microscope and recording the trajectory of an electron orbiting a nucleus. An electron in an atom typically has a speed of about 1% of the speed of light. (a) Calculate the momentum of the electron. (b) When we make images with photons, we can't resolve details that are smaller than the photons' wavelength. Suppose we wanted to map out the trajectory of the electron with an accuracy of 0.01 nm. What part of the electromagnetic spectrum would we have to use? (c) As found in homework problem 12 on page 810, the momentum of a photon is given by p = E/c. Estimate the momentum of a photon having the necessary wavelength. (d) Comparing your answers from parts a and c, what would be the effect on the electron if the photon bounced off of it? What does this tell you about the possibility of mapping out an electron's orbit around a nucleus?
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