Two parallel, uniformly charged, infinitely long wires carry opposite charges with a linear charge density ? = 2.37 ?C/m and are 5.47 cm apart. What is the magnitude of the electric field at a point midway between them and 51.9 cm above the plane containing the two wires?
Refer the figure below.
We have AB = 5.47 cm
OC = 51.9 cm
Wires are bold darkened lines.
We need to find field at point C.
Field at C is due to wires. Let they be E1 and
Electric field at a distance z from infinitely long wire =
Here Z is same for both = sqrt(51.92 +
= 51.97 cm
So, E1 = E2 =
= 0.0806 * 10-15 N/C
Now net field due to E1 and E2 would be in
Angle BCO from figure
Hence the fields due to wires point at 0.29o wrt vertical.
So, net field = 2 * cos0.29o* E1
= 0.16 * 10-15 N/C
= 1.6 * 10-16 N/C
Ans : 1.6 * 10-16 N/C
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