Question

A plane electromagnetic wave, with wavelength 2.5 m, travels in vacuum in the positive direction of an x axis. The electric field, of amplitude 270 V/m, oscillates parallel to the y axis. What are the (a) frequency, (b) angular frequency, and (c) angular wave number of the wave? (d) What is the amplitude of the magnetic field component? (e) Parallel to which axis does the magnetic field oscillate? (f) What is the time-averaged rate of energy flow associated with this wave? The wave uniformly illuminates a surface of area 2.6 m2. If the surface totally absorbs the wave, what are (g) the rate at which momentum is transferred to the surface and (h) the radiation pressure?

Answer #1

Givendata:

wave length =2.5 m

amplitude 270 V/m

a)f=c/lambda = 3*10^8/2.5=1.2*10^8 Hz

b)angular frequency = 2*pi*f

=2*3.14*1.2*10^8=7.5*10^8

c)angular wave number of the wave

k=(2*pi)/lambda = 2*3.14/2.5=2.512

(d) What is the amplitude of the magnetic field component?

B=E/c =270/(3*10^8)=9*10^-7

(e) Parallel to which axis does the magnetic field
oscillate?

z direction

(f) What is the time-averaged rate of energy flow associated
with this wave?

I=(C*Bm^2)/(2*muo)

I =(3*10^8*9*10^-7*9*10^-7)/(2*4*3.14*10^-7)=96.73

h) Pr = I/c = 96.73/(3*10^8)=3.22*10^-7

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