Question

# A wheel 1.50 m in diameter lies in a vertical plane and rotates about its central...

A wheel 1.50 m in diameter lies in a vertical plane and rotates about its central axis with a constant angular acceleration of 3.95 rad/s2. The wheel starts at rest at t = 0, and the radius vector of a certain point P on the rim makes an angle of 57.3° with the horizontal at this time. At t = 2.00 s, find the following.

(a) the angular speed of the wheel

(b) the tangential speed of the point P
m/s

(c) the total acceleration of the point P

 magnitude m/s2 direction ° with respect to the radius to point P

(d) the angular position of the point P

Given,

Initial angular velocity , wi=0

Time , t= 2 s

(A) the object under the constant angular acceleration, the final angular speed,

wf= wi +@t

=(0)+(3.95)(2)

(B) The tangential speed,

v=r *wf

v=5.925 m/s

(C) The tangential acceleration at P,

a(t)=r* @

=0.75*3.95

=2.9625 m/s²

a(r)=v²/r

=(5.925)²/0.75

a(r)=46.8075 m/s²

The Total acceleration of the wheel at P,

a=√{a(t)²+a(r)²}

a=√{(2.9625)²+(46.8075)²}

a=√{2199.72}

a=46.9 m/s

The direction of the acceleration with the radial acceleration vector,

Angle=tan–¹{a(t)/a(r)}

=tan–1{2.9625/46.8075}

Angle=3.62°

(D) The final angular position at P,

#f=#i+wi+½@t²