Question

# A rock is launched from the top of a building 50 m high at an angle...

A rock is launched from the top of a building 50 m high at an angle of 30o with a speed of 20 m/s. (a) How far from the building does the rock land? (b) What is the rock's maximum altitude as measured from the ground? (c) What is the velocity of the rock just before landing?

Height of the building, h = 50 m

Angle of projection, θ = 300

Speed of projection, u = 20 m/s

Let, acceleration due to gravity, g = 10 m/s2

The equation of motion of this projectile is

-h = (u Sin θ) T – ½ g T2 where T is the total time for the flight.

- 50 = (20 x Sin 30 ) xT – ½ x 10 x T2

T2 – 2 T + 10 = 0

Solving the equation, we get, T = 4.32 s

(a)

Range of the rock, R = u Cos θ x T = 20 x Cos 30 x 4.32 = 74.8m

The rock will land at a distance 78.4 m from the building.

(b)

The maximum altitude of the rock, H = h + (u Sin θ)2/2g = 50 + (20 x Sin 30 )2 / 2x 10 = 55 m

The maximum altitude of the rock, H = 55 m

( c )

The velocity of rock just before landing, V = (u2 + 2gh)1/2 = (202 + 2 x 10 x 50)1/2 = 37.4 m/s

The velocity of rock just before landing, V = 37.4 m/s

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