Question

A small piece of ice (mass = 0.10 kg) at an initial temperature of 0oC is...

A small piece of ice (mass = 0.10 kg) at an initial temperature of 0oC is placed within glass of water, where the water's mass is 0.40 kg and it is at an initial temperature of 30oC.  
(a) What is the final temperature of the system when thermal equilibrium is achieved assuming no heat leaks?
(b) What is the entropy change of just the ice only while it melts?
The latent heat of fusion and specific heats of ice and water are 3.34x105 J/kg, 2,108 J/(kgoC), and 4,184 J/(kgoC), respectively.  
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Homework Answers

Answer #1

a) As you know the loss of the heat is equal to the gain of the heat

Here m=0.10 kg , S=4184 J/kgoC , M=0.40 kg , T2=30oC , T1=0oC , L=3.34x105 J/kg,

put these value in equation 1

0.40*4184*(30-T)=0.10*3.34x105 +0.10*4184 *(T-0)

50208 +1673.6 T =33400+418.4 T

1673.6T-418.4T=50208-33400

1255.2T=16808

T=16808/1255.2

T=13.39oC answer

b) We know that

S=mL/T1 +msln(T2/T1)

here T1=273.15 K , T2 =13.39oC=13.39+273.15 =286.54 K

S=0.1*3.34*10^5/273.15 +0.1*4184*ln(286.54/273.15)

S=122.28 J/K +20.02 j/K

S=142.3 J/K

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