A solid, nonconducting sphere of radius R = 6.0cm is charged uniformly with an electrical charge of q = 12µC. it is enclosed by a thin conducting concentric spherical shell of inner radius R, the net charge on the shell is zero.
a) find the magnitude of the electrical field E1 inside the sphere (r < R) at the distance r1 = 3.0 cm from the center.
b) find the magnitude of the electric field E2 outside the shell at the distance r2 = 8.0 cm from the Sphere
c) what is the surface charge density: cd. (charge per unit) induced on the inner surface of the conducting Shell?
d) what is the electric field Eo at the center of the sphere (r0 = 0)
from Gauss law,
net flux through closed surface = Qin / e0
for symmetric spherical charge distribution,
E ( 4 pi r^2) = Qin / e0
(A) Qin = q (r/R)^3
E (4 pi r^2) = q r^3 / R^3
E = (12 x 10^-6 x 0.03) / (4 pi 8.854 x 10^-12 x 0.06^3)
E = 15 x 10^6 N/C
(B) E ( 4 x pi x 0.08^2) = (12 x 10^-6)/(8.854 x 10^-12)
E = 16.85 x 10^6 N/C
(C) on inner surface, Q = - q = -12 x 10^-6 C
surface charge density = - q / (4 pi R^2)
= - 149.2 x 10^-6 C/m^2
(D) QIn = 0 so E = 0
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