briefly explain the difference between an isotope and two species that are isoelectronic provide an example for an isotope and isoelectronic species to argon-40
Isotope - Atomic number (number of protons) of an element is same for all the atoms and the number of neutrons are different.
6C12, 6C13, 6C14 are three isotopes of carbon.
Isoelectronic - the number of electrons of two elements are same or having the same electronic structure.
Ne is isoelectronic with Na+
Number of electrons in Ne = 10
Number of electrons in Na+ = 10
Isotopes of 18Ar40 = 18Ar36, 18Ar38
Number of electrons in 18Ar40 = 18
Number of electrons in K+ = 18
K+ is isoelectronic to argon-40
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