Question

# The next three (3) problems deal with the titration of 301 mL of 0.501 M carbonic...

The next three (3) problems deal with the titration of 301 mL of 0.501 M carbonic acid (H2CO3) (Ka1 = 4.3 x 10-7, Ka2 = 5.6 x 10-11) with 1.5 M KOH.

How many mL of the 1.5 M KOH are needed to raise the pH of the carbonic acid solution to a pH of 6.635?

The balanced reaction

H2CO3 + NaOH ? NaHCO3 + H2O

NaHCO3 + NaOH ? Na2CO3 + H2O

From the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation:

pH = pKa + log [HCO3-]/[H2CO3]

Ka1 = 4.3 x 10^-7

pKa = - log (4.3 x 10^-7) = 6.366

6.635 = 6.366 + log [HCO3-]/[H2CO3]

[HCO3-]/[H2CO3] = 1.858 ......... Eq1

Given that

[HCO3-] + [H2CO3] = 0.501 M

From Eq 1

1.858 x [H2CO3] + [H2CO3] = 0.501

2.858 x [H2CO3] = 0.501

[H2CO3] = 0.175 M

Again from Eq 1

[HCO3-] = 1.858 x 0.175 = 0.326 M

Moles of HCO3- = molarity x volume

= 0.326 Mol/L x 0.301 L

= 0.098126 mol

From the stoichiometry of the reaction

1 mol HCO3- produced from = 1 mol NaOH

Moles of NaOH = 0.098126 mol

Volume of NaOH = moles/molarity

= 0.098126 mol / 1.5 mol/L

= 0.0654 L x 1000mL/L

= 65.40 mL