The following shows the performance of a forecasting method:
YEAR ACTUAL DEMAND (units) FORECAST (units)
1 3765 3821
2 3674 3615
3 3726 3758
Based on these information, the mean absolute deviation (MAD) for this forecasting method is
Mean absolute deviation of a data set refers to the average distance between each data value and its mean. It helps in calculating the absolute dispersion of the deviation, which is measured as the mean of the sum of absolute differences between actual demand and forecasted demand. Thus, the formula is,
Mean absolute deviation (MAD) = (Σ | D- F|)/n,
Where D represents the actual demand for each period,
F represents the forecasted demand for each period,
n represents the number of periods or observations.
Year |
Actual Demand |
Forecast |
(D-F) |
| D- F| |
1 |
3765 |
3821 |
-56 |
56 |
2 |
3674 |
3615 |
59 |
59 |
3 |
3726 |
3758 |
-32 |
32 |
Sum |
11165 |
11194 |
-29 |
147 |
Average |
3721.67 |
3731.33 |
-9.67 |
49.00 |
Therefore,
MAD = (Σ | D- F|)/n = 147/3= 49.
Thus, the actual demand is 49 units on average, from the forecasted value.
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