What signature piece of legislation is considered to be the most important and controversial health legislation since the passage of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965?
A. Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA)
B. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
C. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA)
D. The Health Maintenance Organization Act
It's answer is (A) EMTALA- Emergency medical treatment and active labor act.
It is a controversial act. There were many reasons which contributed to patients' use of emergency department for medical care and one of them was act of 1965 of medicare and medicaid due to which number of patients increased in emergency department because its charges for elderly and poor were paid by 1965 act.
EMTALA act is controversial for many reasons because it is unfunded act which increases burden on hospital. But somehow it is also good because it serves for the wellness.
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