1. Who is at the highest risk for tuberculosis (name some populations of people).
2. How does antibiotic use promote resistant organisms? What are ways that nurses can help to reduce the spread of resistant organisms in hospitals? .
3. What is broad spectrum vs. narrow spectrum antibiotics? Name an example of each.
1.close contacts of person exposed to contagious tuberculosis
Health care workers who serve Tuberculosis patient
Foreign born person's , including children who migrated within 5 years from areas having high Tb incidence
Person with HIV infections
Person with inadequately treated Tuberculosis
2. Repeated and improper use of antibiotics is the primary cause of antibiotic resistance bacteria
Resistance occur. When bacteria changes in some way the reduce the effectiveness of drugs
Some bacteria are susceptible,but some survive as they has ability to neutralize or escape the drugs effect ,they neutralize before drug cause the harm.
Points to be noticed for prevention of spreading of drug resistance bacteria -
Ask that drug is benificial for illness
Donot take antibiotics for viral infections for cold or flu
Take antibiotics as per Healthcare provider tells you
Donot take anitboitics prescribed for others
Donot save your antibiotic for next time
3.narrow spectrum antibiotics activite against some specific group of bacteria
Penicillin G active against only narrow range of bacteria such as gram positive bacteria
Broad spectrum antibiotics are activate against wide group of bacteria ssuch as gram negative and gram positive bacteria
Ampicillin is used for wide range of bacteria
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