Discuss the four factors affecting community :health environment,sociocultural individual behavior ,community organizations. give examples of each.Limit to 400 words
1) Environmental health is the branch of public health concerned
with all aspects of the natural and built environment affecting
human health. Environmental health is focused on the natural and
built environments for the benefit of human health. Environmental
hazards increase the risk of cancer, heart disease, asthma, and
many other illnesses. These hazards can be physical, such as
pollution, toxic chemicals, and food contaminants, or they can be
social, such as dangerous work, poor housing conditions, urban
sprawl, and poverty.some of the Environmental concerns are:
Biodiversity. Biodiversity is the most complex and vital feature of our planet
Water. Water pollution is a huge concern for us and our environment
Deforestation. We need plants and trees to survive
Exposure to hazardous substances in the air, water, soil, and food. Natural and technological disasters. Climate change.
2) Sociocultural Perspective is a theory used in fields such as psychology and is used to describe awareness of circumstances surrounding individuals and how their behaviors are affected specifically by their surrounding, social and cultural factors.example of sociocultural is a focus of study in anthropology. An example of sociocultural is knowing about the people around you and their family backgrounds.
3) Community organization refers to organizing aimed at making desired improvements to a community's social health, well-being, and overall functioning. Community organization occurs in geographically, psychosocially, culturally, spiritually, and/or digitally bounded communities.
Community organization includes community work, community projects, community development, community empowerment, community building, and community mobilization. It is a commonly used model for organizing community within community projects, neighborhoods, organizations, voluntary associations, localities, and social networks, which may operate as ways to mobilize around geography, shared space, shared experience, interest, need, and/or concern.Community organization is a process by which a community identifies needs or objectives, takes action, and through this process, develops cooperative and collaborative attitudes and practices within a community.Community organization is differentiated from conflict-oriented community organizing which focuses on short-term change through appeals to authority (i.e., pressuring established power structures for desired change), by focusing on long-term and short-term change through direct action and the organizing of community (i.e., the creation of alternative systems outside of established power structures). This often includes inclusive networking, interpersonal organizing, listening, reflexivity, non-violent communication, cooperation, mutual aid and social care, prefiguration, popular education, and direct democracy.Within organizations, variations exist in terms of size and structure. Some are formally incorporated, with codified bylaws and Boards of Directors (also known as a committee), while others are much smaller, more informal, and grassroots.Community organization may be more effective in addressing need as well as in achieving short-term and long-term goals than larger, more bureaucratic organizations. Contemporary community organization, known as "The New Community Organizing",includes glocalized perspectives and organizing methods.The multiplicity of institutions, groups, and activities do not necessarily define community organization. However, factors such as the interaction, integration, and coordination of, existing groups, assets, activities, as well as the relationships, the evolution of new structures and communities, are characteristics unique to community organization.Community organization may often lead to greater understanding of community contexts. It is characterized by community building, community planning, direct action and mobilization, the promotion of community change, and, ultimately, changes within larger social systems and power structures along with localized ones.Community organization generally functions within not-for-profit efforts, and funding often goes directly toward supporting organizing activities. Under globalization, the ubiquity of ICTs, neoliberalism, and austerity, has caused many organizations to face complex challenges such as mission drift and coercion by state and private funders.These political and economic conditions have led some to seek alternative funding sources such as fee-for-service, crowd funding, and other creative avenues.
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