The nurse caring for a client with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) anticipates which arterial blood gas (ABG) findings?
1. pH, 7.40; PaO2, 90 mm Hg; CO2, 39 mEq/L; HCO3, 23 mEq/L
2. pH, 7.32; PaO2, 85 mm Hg; CO2, 57 mEq/L; HCO3, 26 mEq/L
3. pH, 7.47; PaO2, 82 mm Hg; CO2, 30 mEq/L; HCO3, 31 mEq/L
4. pH, 7.31; PaO2, 95 mm Hg; CO2, 22 mEq/L; HCO3, 19 mEq/L
Option B :-pH, 7.32; PaO2, 85 mm Hg; CO2, 57 mEq/L; HCO3, 26 mEq/L
COPD is a condition in which the patient have an obstructed airway leading to hypoventilation and resulting in hypoxia and hypercarbia and which further leads to Respiratory acidosis due to increased CO2 and these changes in oxygen and carbon dioxide is clearly visible in the ABG reports.
as we can see in OPTION -B the patient is having Hypoxia and hypercarbia which is a clear evidence of COPD
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