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The 2.4 billion working people in the developing countries often have to endure employment conditions, which do not meet even basic occupational safety and health (OSH) standards. The lack of work safety, excessive workloads, and occupational physical, chemical and biological exposures result in occupational diseases, injuries and as many as 1.2 million fatalities each year. Furthermore, as little as 15% of workers in the developing countries have access to occupational health and safety services.” (Rantanen et al., 2004). In your own words, to what extent do you agree with the information provided by the quote above? Support your argument by giving further details about developing and developed countries with examples of the services. (250 words)
I totally agree with this information given in this quote. The occupational health hazards of developed countries are lesser than developing countries.
The occupational health hazards refers to the potential risk to the health and safety for those who work outside the home. According to WHO, this represents about 70% of adult men and upto 60% of adult women throughout the world and estimated additional 40 million adults enters the global work place each year .
Ofcourse, the specific occupational hazards faced by this large and growing number of people depends on the region and economic standing, but there are some of the economic hazards faced by workers world wide
The most important challenges for occupational health for future in developed countries will be,
- Health hazards associated with new biotechnologies
- New chemical substances and physical energies
Occupational health problems blinked to new information technologies and automation
The least developed countries that still employed the major part of the work force in agriculture and other types of primary production face occupational health problems that are different from those experienced in the industrial countries. In the least developed countries, the occupational factors are aggregated by numerous non-ocuupational factors such as parasites and infectious diseases , poor hygiene and sanitation, poor nutrition, general poverty and illiteracy. Small scale industrial and service enterprises often have few resources, heavy workload and multiple tasks for each workers. So, the occupational work load and health hazards are high in the developing countries than developing countries.
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