Question

Pressure and temperature at the beginning of compression of compression of an air-standard (R=287 J/kgK, gamma= cp/cv=1.4). Diesel cycle are 107kPa and 280K, respectively. At the end of the heat addition, the pressure is 11MPa and the temperature is 2040K.

a) Determine the cut off ratio:

Answer #1

Consider a cold air-standard Diesel cycle. At the beginning of
compression, 102 kPa, and 300 K. The mass of air is 0.120 kg, the
compression ratio is 16, and the cut-off ratio is 2.0
For a cold air-standard analysis use the following values: cp =
1.005 kJ/kgK, cv = 0.718 kJ/kgK, k=1.40, M=28.97 kg/kmol.
Determine the following :
(a) pressure at end of compression stroke, in kPa
(b) temperature at end of compression stroke, in K
(c) maximum temperature in...

The compression ratio in an air-standard Otto cycle is 8. At the
beginning of the compression stroke the pressure is 14.7 lbf/in2
and the temperature is 600F. The heat transfer to the air during
the combustion process per cycle is 800 Btu/lbm. Determine: (a) The
pressure and temperature at the end of each process of the cycle.
(b) The thermal efficiency (use k = 1.4, Cv = 0.171 Btu/lbm
0F).

The compression ratio in an air-standard Otto cycle is 8. At the
beginning of the compression stroke the pressure is 14.7 lbf/in2
and the temperature is 600F. The heat transfer to the air during
the combustion process per cycle is 800 Btu/lbm. Determine: (a) The
pressure and temperature at the end of each process of the cycle.
(b) The thermal efficiency (use k = 1.4, Cv = 0.171 Btu/lbm
0F).

An ideal Diesel cycle has a cut off ratio of 2. The
temperature of the air at the beginning and
at the end of the compression process are 300 K and 900 K
respectively. By utilizing constant
specific heats, taking the specific heat ratio, k = 1.4, Cp = 1.005
kJ/kg K and Cv = 0.718 kJ/kg
K. Determine the followings:
(i) The compression ratio. [5 marks]
(ii) The maximum cycle temperature. [5 marks]
(iii) The amount of heat transferred...

1) An air-standard Otto cycle has a compression ratio of 9. At
the beginning of the compression process, the temperature is 20°C,
and the pressure is 100 kPa. The heat added is 500 kJ/kg. Determine
the cycle efficiency, work output, and the heat rejected
2) An air-standard Otto cycle operates with a minimum
temperature of 300 K and a maximum temperature of 1700 K. The
compression ratio of the cycle is 7. At the beginning of the
compression process, the...

10) An air-standard Otto cycle has a compression ratio of 9. At
the beginning of the compression process, the temperature is 20°C,
and the pressure is 100 kPa. The heat added is 500 kJ/kg. Determine
the cycle efficiency, work output, and the heat rejected.
11)An air-standard Otto cycle operates with a minimum
temperature of 300 K and a maximum temperature of 1700 K. The
compression ratio of the cycle is 7. At the beginning of the
compression process, the pressure...

At the beginning of the compression process of an air-standard
Diesel cycle operating with a compression ratio
of 20, the temperature is 350 K and the pressure is 0.15 MPa.
The cutoff ratio for the cycle is 1.5. Determine
(a) the temperature and pressure at the end of each process of
the cycle, (b) the thermal efficiency, (c) the mean
effective pressure, in MPa.

A) 1 kg of air with a pressure of 13 bar and a temperature of
125 ° C is heated as isobar up to 550 ° C.
a) Work done during heating,
b) Internal energy and enthalpy change,
c) Calculate the amount of heat consumed. (R = 287 j / kgK, x =
1,4)
B) An ideal gas with a pressure of 1 bar and a volume of 0.5m³
is compressed isothermally up to 17 bar pressure. Calculate the
volume...

1. The compression ratio of an air powered diesel cycle is A = 18 and the cutting ratio is B = 2.2. The pressure of the air at the beginning of the compression process is C = 94 kPa and the temperature is D = 32 ° C. Considering that the specific temperatures change with temperature (using the air standard, not the cold air standard only, that is, using the relative specific volumes from the table) and accepting the gas...

In an ideal standard dual cycle, the pressure and temperature at
the beginning of compression are 1 bar and 47°C, respectively. The
heat supplied in the cycle is 1250kJ/kg, two third of this heat is
being added at constant volume and the remaining heat is added at
constant pressure. If the compression ratio is 16, determine
1)the maximum temperature in the cycle.
2)the thermal efficiency of the cycle.
3)the mean effective pressure.

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