Question

Water, initially saturated vapor at 14.6 bar, fills a closed, rigid container. The water is heated until its temperature is 200°C. For the water, determine the heat transfer, in kJ/kg. Kinetic and potential energy effects can be ignored.

Answer #1

A closed, rigid tank is filled with water. Initially, the tank
holds 1.0 lb of saturated vapor and 7.0 lb of saturated liquid,
each at 212°F. The water is heated until the tank contains only
saturated vapor. Kinetic and potential energy effects can be
ignored. Determine the volume of the tank, in ft3, the temperature
at the final state, in °F, and the heat transfer, in Btu.

Water of mass 2 kg in a closed, rigid tank is initially in the
form of a twophase liquid-vapor mixture. The initial temperature is
50° C. The mixture is heated until the tank contains only saturated
vapor at 110° C.
(i) Find the initial pressure, in kPa.
(ii) Find the work for the process, in kJ.
(iii) Find the heat transfer for the process, in kJ.

A gas contained in a closed rigid container is heated from
initial temperature and pressure of 270C and 2 bar to a
final pressure of 12 bar. Calculate final temperature, Work done,
Heat transfer and change in Internal Energy. (Take
Cv as 0.873 kJ/kg K. and Mass of the gas =
1kg)

Q3. A tank with rigid walls and a volume of
0.05 m3 initially has a two-phase liquid- vapor mixture of ammonia
at a pressure of 4 bar and a quality of 10%. The tank is then
heated such that the pressure is kept constant through a
pressure-regulating valve that allows saturated vapor to escape.
The heating continues until the quality of the mixture in the tank
is 40%. Assume kinetic and potential energy changes are
insignificant. Determine:
(i) The final...

A rigid tank has a volume of 0.01 m3. It
initially contains saturated water at a temperature of 200
oC and a quality of 0.4. The top of the
tank contains a pressure regulating valve which maintains the vapor
at constant pressure. This system undergoes a process where it is
heated until all the liquid vaporizes. How much heat in (kJ) is
required? You may assume there is no pressure drop in the exit
line.

A tank having a volume of 0.85 m^3 initially contains water as a
two-phase liquid vapor mixture at 260 C and a quality of 0.7.
Saturated water vapor at 260 C is slowly withdrawn through a
pressure-regulating valve at the top of the tank as energy is
transferred by heat to maintain the pressure constant in the tank.
This continues until the tank is filled with saturated vapor at 260
C. Determine the amount of heat transfer in kJ. Neglect...

Consider 1 kilogram of saturated water at 70 degrees celsius in
a closed and rigid container which is heated to steam (superheated
water) at 300 degrees celsius and 5 MPa by adding 1500 kJ of
heat.
a) What is the fraction of vapour and liquid at the initial
state?
b) What is the work done as a result of the heating process?

Water undergoes a constant‐volume process within a
piston–cylinder assembly from saturated liquid at 4 bar to a final
pressure of 50 bar. Kinetic and potential energy effects are
negligible. Determine the work and the heat transfer, each in kJ
per kg of water. [7 points]

Steam is contained in a closed rigid container with a volume of
2 m3 . Initially, the pressure and the temperature of the steam are
7 bar and 400°C, respectively. The temperature drops as a result of
heat transfer to the surroundings. i. Determine the temperature at
which the condensation first occurs in °C. [6 marks] ii. Evaluate
the fraction of the total mass that has condensed when the pressure
reaches 0.75 bar. [4 marks] iii. Calculate the volume in...

Steam is contained in a closed rigid container with a volume of
2 m3 . Initially, the pressure and the temperature of the steam are
7 bar and 400°C, respectively. The temperature drops as a result of
heat transfer to the surroundings. i. Determine the temperature at
which the condensation first occurs in °C. [6 marks] ii. Evaluate
the fraction of the total mass that has condensed when the pressure
reaches 0.75 bar. [4 marks] iii. Calculate the volume in...

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