Question

At the beginning of the compression process of an air-standard Otto cycle, p1 = 1 bar and T1 = 300 K. The compression ratio is 6 and the heat addition per unit mass of air is 1500 kJ/kg. Determine: (a) the maximum temperature of the cycle, in K. (b) the net work, in kJ/kg. (c) the percent thermal efficiency of the cycle. (d) the mean effective pressure, in kPa.

Answer #1

1) An air-standard Otto cycle has a compression ratio of 9. At
the beginning of the compression process, the temperature is 20°C,
and the pressure is 100 kPa. The heat added is 500 kJ/kg. Determine
the cycle efficiency, work output, and the heat rejected
2) An air-standard Otto cycle operates with a minimum
temperature of 300 K and a maximum temperature of 1700 K. The
compression ratio of the cycle is 7. At the beginning of the
compression process, the...

10) An air-standard Otto cycle has a compression ratio of 9. At
the beginning of the compression process, the temperature is 20°C,
and the pressure is 100 kPa. The heat added is 500 kJ/kg. Determine
the cycle efficiency, work output, and the heat rejected.
11)An air-standard Otto cycle operates with a minimum
temperature of 300 K and a maximum temperature of 1700 K. The
compression ratio of the cycle is 7. At the beginning of the
compression process, the pressure...

Consider a cold air-standard Diesel cycle. At the beginning of
compression, 102 kPa, and 300 K. The mass of air is 0.120 kg, the
compression ratio is 16, and the cut-off ratio is 2.0
For a cold air-standard analysis use the following values: cp =
1.005 kJ/kgK, cv = 0.718 kJ/kgK, k=1.40, M=28.97 kg/kmol.
Determine the following :
(a) pressure at end of compression stroke, in kPa
(b) temperature at end of compression stroke, in K
(c) maximum temperature in...

The compression ratio in an air-standard Otto cycle is 8. At the
beginning of the compression stroke the pressure is 14.7 lbf/in2
and the temperature is 600F. The heat transfer to the air during
the combustion process per cycle is 800 Btu/lbm. Determine: (a) The
pressure and temperature at the end of each process of the cycle.
(b) The thermal efficiency (use k = 1.4, Cv = 0.171 Btu/lbm
0F).

The compression ratio in an air-standard Otto cycle is 8. At the
beginning of the compression stroke the pressure is 14.7 lbf/in2
and the temperature is 600F. The heat transfer to the air during
the combustion process per cycle is 800 Btu/lbm. Determine: (a) The
pressure and temperature at the end of each process of the cycle.
(b) The thermal efficiency (use k = 1.4, Cv = 0.171 Btu/lbm
0F).

At the beginning of the compression process of an air-standard
Diesel cycle operating with a compression ratio
of 20, the temperature is 350 K and the pressure is 0.15 MPa.
The cutoff ratio for the cycle is 1.5. Determine
(a) the temperature and pressure at the end of each process of
the cycle, (b) the thermal efficiency, (c) the mean
effective pressure, in MPa.

The compression ratio of an air-standard Diesel cycle is 17 and
the conditions at the beginning of compression are p1 = 14.0
lbf/in.2, V1 = 2 ft3, and T1 = 520°R. The maximum temperature in
the cycle is 4000°R. Calculate (a) the net work for the cycle, in
Btu. Btu (b) the thermal efficiency. % (c) the mean effective
pressure, in lbf/in.2 lbf/in.2 (d) the cutoff ratio.

An air-standard dual cycle has the following elements:
compression ratio = 8.0
1600 kJ/kg heat addition so that 30% occurs at constant volume and
70% occurs at constant pressure
The state is 300K and 1 bar at the beginning of the compression
process
Find:
(a) the temperatures at the end of each heat addition process
(b) the cycle efficiency
(c) the MEP

1) A nozzle is a device for increasing the velocity of a
steadily flowing stream of fluid. At the inlet to a certain nozzle
the enthalpy of the fluid is 3025 kJ/kg and the velocity is 60 m/s.
At the exit from the nozzle the enthalpy is 2790 kJ/kg. The nozzle
is horizontal and there is negligible heat loss from
it.
(i) Find the velocity at the nozzle exit.
(ii) If the inlet area is 0.1 m2 and specific volume...

1a. An air-standard cycle consists of the following processes:
isentropic compression from 15 ?C, 1.01 bar through a compression
ratio of 5:1; heat addition at constant volume of 2600 kJ/kg;
isentropic expansion to the initial volume; heat rejection at
constant volume. Sketch the cycle on p-v and T-s diagrams, and
calculate its ideal efficiency, mean effective pressure and peak
pressure.
Answers(0.475, 18.9 bar, 73.0 bar)
b. The cycle is problem (a) is modified so that the heat is
added
(a)...

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