Question

4. Saturated water occupies a piston of volume of 1.0m3. Heat is added until it is completely vaporized if the pressure is held constant at 1000kPa, calculate the work done in MJ. (note the mass does not change)

Answer #1

1 kg of water in a piston cylinder arrangement is initially in a
saturated liquid state at 1 bar. It undergoes expansion at constant
pressure due to external heat supply to it, to a final state of
saturated vapor.
(i) What is the initial temperature of water in C? (a) 93.50 (b)
96.71 (c) 99.63 (d) 111.4 (e) 12.2
(ii) What is the change in enthalpy of water (kJ/kg-K)? (a)
417.46 (b) 2258.0 (c) 2675.5 (d) 2506.1
(iii) What is...

Entropy From Steam Tables
A piston-cylinder assembly contain 2 kg of water. The water is
initially at the pressure of 0.5 MPa and the temperature of 300°C.
The water is cooled down at constant pressure process until it is a
saturated vapor. Determine the change in the entropy of the
system.

A piston-cylinder device initially contains 75 g of saturated
water vapor at 340 kPa . A resistance heater is operated within the
cylinder with a current of 0.6 A from a 300 V source until the
volume doubles. At the same time a heat loss of 7 kJ occurs.
Part A)Determine the final temperature (T2).
Part B)Determine the duration of the process.
Part C)
What-if scenario: What is the final
temperature if the piston-cylinder device initially contains
saturated liquid water?

A mass of one kg of water within a piston–cylinder assembly
undergoes a constant-pressure process from saturated vapor at 500
kPa to a temperature of 260°C. Kinetic and potential energy effects
are negligible. For the water:
a) Evaluate the work, in kJ,
b) If the work is 30 kJ, evaluate the heat transfer, in kJ,
c) If the heat transfer is negligible, evaluate the entropy
production in kJ/K
d) Determine if the process is reversible, irreversible, or
impossible.

A vertical, insulated piston cylinder is filled with saturated
liquid H2O at 50 kPa. A stirrer moves rapidly inside the cylinder
until 22% of the H2O (by mass) evaporates. Determine the net work
done (in kJ/kg), the change in entropy during this process (in
kJ/kg-K) and the entropy generated during this process (in
kJ/kg-K).

500 kg of saturated liquid at 11 MPA is heated at constant
pressure until it reaches a temperature of 450 C find the
following: a. enthalpy entropy and specific volume at the end of
the process b. change in entropy in kj/kg k of the process c.
amount of heat needed for the process

A tank having a volume of 0.85 m^3 initially contains water as a
two-phase liquid vapor mixture at 260 C and a quality of 0.7.
Saturated water vapor at 260 C is slowly withdrawn through a
pressure-regulating valve at the top of the tank as energy is
transferred by heat to maintain the pressure constant in the tank.
This continues until the tank is filled with saturated vapor at 260
C. Determine the amount of heat transfer in kJ. Neglect...

A closed piston-cylinder system contains a 120
moles of neon, a monatomic ideal gas, at pressure
PA = 2.5 atm
and volume VA = 0.80
m3. It undergoes the following cyclic
process:
A -> B: I
There is isothermal expansion to volume double of the original.
B -> C:
Constant-volume process back to its original pressure .
C -> A:
Constant-pressure process back to its initial state
a) Draw a Pressure volume diagram for the cycle. You
don't need to...

Oxygen gas is contained in a piston cylinder assembly at an
initial pressure of 1000 kPa and expands from 0.2 m3 to 1.0 m3 by a
process where PV = constant. The gas has an internal energy change
of -200 kJ. Calculate the work (kJ) and the heat transfer (kJ) done
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Your new engine design consists of a piston cylinder
arrangement. The engine operates with mostly air and a small amount
of fuel. The system undergoes a cycle. The initial Pressure and
temperature are p1= 1bar and T1= 27°C. The system undergoes a power
cycle consisting of the following process:
Process
1-2
constant volume to a pressure, P2 of 4 bars
Process
2-3
expansion of pv=constant
Process 3-1
constant-pressure compression
Draw the system and pv diagrams
If P2 is 4...

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