Question

Water of mass 2 kg in a closed, rigid tank is initially in the form of a twophase liquid-vapor mixture. The initial temperature is 50° C. The mixture is heated until the tank contains only saturated vapor at 110° C.

(i) Find the initial pressure, in kPa.

(ii) Find the work for the process, in kJ.

(iii) Find the heat transfer for the process, in kJ.

Answer #1

A closed, rigid tank is filled with water. Initially, the tank
holds 1.0 lb of saturated vapor and 7.0 lb of saturated liquid,
each at 212°F. The water is heated until the tank contains only
saturated vapor. Kinetic and potential energy effects can be
ignored. Determine the volume of the tank, in ft3, the temperature
at the final state, in °F, and the heat transfer, in Btu.

A rigid tank has a volume of 0.01 m3. It
initially contains saturated water at a temperature of 200
oC and a quality of 0.4. The top of the
tank contains a pressure regulating valve which maintains the vapor
at constant pressure. This system undergoes a process where it is
heated until all the liquid vaporizes. How much heat in (kJ) is
required? You may assume there is no pressure drop in the exit
line.

Q3. A tank with rigid walls and a volume of
0.05 m3 initially has a two-phase liquid- vapor mixture of ammonia
at a pressure of 4 bar and a quality of 10%. The tank is then
heated such that the pressure is kept constant through a
pressure-regulating valve that allows saturated vapor to escape.
The heating continues until the quality of the mixture in the tank
is 40%. Assume kinetic and potential energy changes are
insignificant. Determine:
(i) The final...

Water, initially saturated vapor at 14.6 bar, fills a closed,
rigid container. The water is heated until its temperature is
200°C. For the water, determine the heat transfer, in kJ/kg.
Kinetic and potential energy effects can be ignored.

Initially (state 1) a well-insulated rigid tank contains 20 kg
of a saturated liquid-vapor mixture of water at 100 kPa and half of
the mass is in the liquid phase. An electric resistance heater
placed in the tank is now turned on and kept on until all the
liquid in the tank is vaporized (state 2). Determine (a) the
initial specific volume in m3/kg, (b) the final specific
entropy in kJ/kg.K and (c) change of entropy in kJ/K.

A tank having a volume of 0.85 m^3 initially contains water as a
two-phase liquid vapor mixture at 260 C and a quality of 0.7.
Saturated water vapor at 260 C is slowly withdrawn through a
pressure-regulating valve at the top of the tank as energy is
transferred by heat to maintain the pressure constant in the tank.
This continues until the tank is filled with saturated vapor at 260
C. Determine the amount of heat transfer in kJ. Neglect...

A closed, rigid, 0.40 m3 tank is filled with 12 kg of
water. The initial pressure is p1 = 20 bar. The
water is cooled until the pressure is p2= 4
bar.
Determine the initial quality, x1, and the heat
transfer, in kJ.

A closed, rigid tank is filled with a gas modeled as an ideal
gas, initially at 80°C and a gage pressure of 300 kPa. The gas is
heated, and the gage pressure at the final state is 500 kPa. The
local atmospheric pressure is 1 atm.
Determine the final temperature, in °C.

Steam is contained in a closed rigid container with a volume of
2 m3 . Initially, the pressure and the temperature of the steam are
7 bar and 400°C, respectively. The temperature drops as a result of
heat transfer to the surroundings. i. Determine the temperature at
which the condensation first occurs in °C. [6 marks] ii. Evaluate
the fraction of the total mass that has condensed when the pressure
reaches 0.75 bar. [4 marks] iii. Calculate the volume in...

Steam is contained in a closed rigid container with a volume of
2 m3 . Initially, the pressure and the temperature of the steam are
7 bar and 400°C, respectively. The temperature drops as a result of
heat transfer to the surroundings. i. Determine the temperature at
which the condensation first occurs in °C. [6 marks] ii. Evaluate
the fraction of the total mass that has condensed when the pressure
reaches 0.75 bar. [4 marks] iii. Calculate the volume in...

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