Question

**Q3.** A tank with rigid walls and a volume of
0.05 m3 initially has a two-phase liquid- vapor mixture of ammonia
at a pressure of 4 bar and a quality of 10%. The tank is then
heated such that the pressure is kept constant through a
pressure-regulating valve that allows saturated vapor to escape.
The heating continues until the quality of the mixture in the tank
is 40%. Assume kinetic and potential energy changes are
insignificant. Determine:

(i) The final mass of the mixture in the tank (in kg)

(ii) The amount of heat transfer (kJ) during the heating.

[**Note:** The working substance is not water. Use the
appropriate table from the red book.]

Answer #1

A rigid tank has a volume of 0.01 m3. It
initially contains saturated water at a temperature of 200
oC and a quality of 0.4. The top of the
tank contains a pressure regulating valve which maintains the vapor
at constant pressure. This system undergoes a process where it is
heated until all the liquid vaporizes. How much heat in (kJ) is
required? You may assume there is no pressure drop in the exit
line.

A tank having a volume of 0.85 m^3 initially contains water as a
two-phase liquid vapor mixture at 260 C and a quality of 0.7.
Saturated water vapor at 260 C is slowly withdrawn through a
pressure-regulating valve at the top of the tank as energy is
transferred by heat to maintain the pressure constant in the tank.
This continues until the tank is filled with saturated vapor at 260
C. Determine the amount of heat transfer in kJ. Neglect...

A 0.1-m3 rigid tank contains saturated liquid-vapor mixture of
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Water of mass 2 kg in a closed, rigid tank is initially in the
form of a twophase liquid-vapor mixture. The initial temperature is
50° C. The mixture is heated until the tank contains only saturated
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(i) Find the initial pressure, in kPa.
(ii) Find the work for the process, in kJ.
(iii) Find the heat transfer for the process, in kJ.

Initially (state 1) a well-insulated rigid tank contains 20 kg
of a saturated liquid-vapor mixture of water at 100 kPa and half of
the mass is in the liquid phase. An electric resistance heater
placed in the tank is now turned on and kept on until all the
liquid in the tank is vaporized (state 2). Determine (a) the
initial specific volume in m3/kg, (b) the final specific
entropy in kJ/kg.K and (c) change of entropy in kJ/K.

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of a saturated liquid-vapor mixture of water at 100 kPa and half of
the mass is in the liquid phase. An electric resistance heater
placed in the tank is now turned on and kept on until all the
liquid in the tank is vaporized (state 2). Determine (a) the
initial specific volume in m3/kg, (b) the final specific
entropy in kJ/kg.K and (c) change of entropy in kJ/K.

An initially empty, well insulated, rigid tank with a volume of
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zero outlets. One inlet is water at 1 MPa and 600◦C while the other
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system, a rigid tank, contains mixture of saturated water vapor
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A rigid copper tank, initially containing 1 m3 of air at 295 K,
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