Assume a $45,000 investment and the following cash flows for two alternatives:
Year | Investment A | Investment B | ||
1 | $10,000 | $10,000 | ||
2 | 15,000 | 15,000 | ||
3 | 15,000 | 30,000 | ||
4 | 15,000 | — | ||
5 | 3,900,000 | — | ||
Calculate the payback for investment A and B. (Round the final answers to 2 decimal places.)
Payback period | |||
Investment A | years | ||
Investment B | years | ||
Which of the alternatives would you select under the payback method?
Investment A
Investment B
A:
Year | Cash flows | Cumulative Cash flows |
0 | (45000) | (45000) |
1 | 10,000 | (35000) |
2 | 15000 | (20,000) |
3 | 15000 | (5000) |
4 | 15000 | 10,000 |
5 | 3,900,000 | 3,910,000 |
Payback period=Last period with a negative cumulative cash flow+(Absolute value of cumulative cash flows at that period/Cash flow after that period).
=3+(5000/15000)
=3.33 years(Approx)
B:
Year | Cash flows | Cumulative Cash flows |
0 | (45000) | (45000) |
1 | 10,000 | (35000) |
2 | 15000 | (20,000) |
3 | 30,000 | 10,000 |
Payback period=Last period with a negative cumulative cash flow+(Absolute value of cumulative cash flows at that period/Cash flow after that period).
=2+(20,000/30,000)
=2.67 years(Approx)
Hence B must be selected having lower payback.
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