Question

# An American call option on a non-dividend-paying stock is currently trading in the CBOT market. The...

An American call option on a non-dividend-paying stock is currently trading in the CBOT market. The price of the underlying stock is \$36, the option strike price is \$30, and the option expiration date is in three months. The risk free interest rate is 8%

a. Calculate the upper and lower bounds for the price of this American call option --> Calculated as max (So - Ke^ -rT, 0)

b. Explain the arbitrage opportunities presented to an arbitrageur when this American call option is trading at \$37 and when it is trading at \$4. Calculate the risk-free profits that can be earned by an arbitrageur in both cases. (Note: calculate the risk-free profit also for both scenarios at maturity i.e. when ST is greater than \$30 and when ST is lower than \$30).

a.

S0: the current price of the underlying asset= \$36

K: the exercised (strike) price =\$30

T: the time to expiration of option =3 months

r: the risk-free interest rate= 8%

Upper bounds for this American call option, C <=S0

<=36

Lower bounds for this American call option, : C >= S0 - Ke -rT

>= 36-30*e -0.08*(3/12)

>=6.59

b.

When ST> \$30,

When C=\$37

C+ Ke -rT =37+30*e -0.08*(3/12) =66.4

When C=\$4

C+ Ke -rT =4+30*e -0.08*(3/12) =33.40

Arbitrage opportunity exists with a risk-free profit of \$33

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