Question

# Problem 10-9 NPVs and IRRs for Mutually Exclusive Projects Davis Industries must choose between a gas-powered...

Problem 10-9
NPVs and IRRs for Mutually Exclusive Projects

Davis Industries must choose between a gas-powered and an electric-powered forklift truck for moving materials in its factory. Since both forklifts perform the same function, the firm will choose only one. (They are mutually exclusive investments.) The electric-powered truck will cost more, but it will be less expensive to operate; it will cost \$21,000, whereas the gas-powered truck will cost \$17,230. The cost of capital that applies to both investments is 11%. The life for both types of truck is estimated to be 6 years, during which time the net cash flows for the electric-powered truck will be \$6,100 per year and those for the gas-powered truck will be \$5,300 per year. Annual net cash flows include depreciation expenses.

1. Calculate the NPV for each type of truck. Round your answers to the nearest dollar.

 Electric-powered truck \$ Gas-powered truck \$
2. Calculate the IRR for each type of truck. Round your answers to two decimal places.

 Electric-powered truck % Gas-powered truck %

Which type of the truck should the firm purchase?
-Select-Electric-poweredGas-powered

a.Electric powered forklift truck

Net present value is solved using a financial calculator. The steps to solve on the financial calculator:

• Press the CF button.
• CF0= -\$21,000. It is entered with a negative sign since it is a cash outflow.
• Cash flow for each year should be entered.
• Press Enter and down arrow after inputting each cash flow.
• After entering the last cash flow cash flow, press the NPV button and enter the cost of capital.
• Press enter after that. Press the down arrow and CPT buttons to get the net present value.

Net present value at 11% cost of capital is \$4,806.28.

Gas powered forklift truck

Net present value is solved using a financial calculator. The steps to solve on the financial calculator:

• Press the CF button.
• CF0= -\$17,230. It is entered with a negative sign since it is a cash outflow.
• Cash flow for each year should be entered.
• Press Enter and down arrow after inputting each cash flow.
• After entering the last cash flow cash flow, press the NPV button and enter the cost of capital.
• Press enter after that. Press the down arrow and CPT buttons to get the net present value.

Net present value at 11% cost of capital is \$5,191.85.

b.Electric powered forklift truck

Internal rate of return is calculated using a financial calculator by inputting the below:

• Press the CF button.
• CF0= -\$102 It is entered with a negative sign since it is a cash outflow.
• Cash flow for each year should be entered.
• Press Enter and down arrow after inputting each cash flow.
• After entering the last cash flow cash flow, press the IRR button and CPT keys to get the IRR of the project.

The IRR is 18.62%.

Gas powered forklift truck

Internal rate of return is calculated using a financial calculator by inputting the below:

• Press the CF button.
• CF0= -\$102 It is entered with a negative sign since it is a cash outflow.
• Cash flow for each year should be entered.
• Press Enter and down arrow after inputting each cash flow.
• After entering the last cash flow cash flow, press the IRR button and CPT keys to get the IRR of the project.

The IRR is 20.92%.

The firm should purchase the Gas powered forklift truck since it has the higher net present value.

In case of any query, kindly comment on the solution

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