Question

# Income and Cash Flow Analysis The Berndt Corporation expects to have sales of \$14 million. Costs...

Income and Cash Flow Analysis

The Berndt Corporation expects to have sales of \$14 million. Costs other than depreciation are expected to be 80% of sales, and depreciation is expected to be \$1.4 million. All sales revenues will be collected in cash, and costs other than depreciation must be paid for during the year. Berndt's federal-plus-state tax rate is 35%. Berndt has no debt.

Set up an income statement. What is Berndt's expected net income? Enter your answer in dollars. For example, an answer of \$1.2 million should be entered as 1,200,000. Round your answer to the nearest dollar.

\$

What is Berndt's expected net cash flow? Enter your answer in dollars. For example, an answer of \$1.2 million should be entered as 1,200,000. Round your answer to the nearest dollar.

\$

Suppose Congress changed the tax laws so that Berndt's depreciation expenses doubled. No changes in operations occurred. What would happen to reported profit and to net cash flow?

I. If depreciation doubled, taxable income would not be affected since depreciation and amortization are non-cash expenses. Net cash flow would double.
II. If depreciation doubled, taxable income would fall to zero, taxes would be zero, and net cash flow would be unaffected.
III. If depreciation doubled, taxable income would fall to zero, taxes would be zero, and net cash flow would rise.
IV. If depreciation doubled, taxable income would fall to zero, taxes would be zero, and net cash flow would decline.
V. If depreciation doubled, taxable income would not be affected since depreciation and amortization are non-cash expenses. Net cash flow would also be unaffected.

Now suppose that Congress changed the tax law such that, instead of doubling Berndt's depreciation, it was reduced it by 50%. How would profit and net cash flow be affected?

I. If depreciation were halved, taxable income and net cash flow would rise but taxes would fall.
II. If depreciation were halved, taxable income and taxes would rise but net cash flow would fall.
III. If depreciation were halved, taxable income, taxes, and net cash flow would all rise.
IV. If depreciation were halved, taxable income and taxes would decline but net cash flow would rise.
V. If depreciation were halved, taxable income, taxes, and net cash flow would all decline.

If this were your company, would you prefer Congress to cause your depreciation expense to be doubled or halved? Why?

I. You should prefer to have higher depreciation charges and therefore higher net income. Net cash flows are the funds that are available to the owners to withdraw from the firm and, therefore, cash flows should be more important to them than net income.
II. You should prefer to have higher depreciation charges and therefore higher cash flows. Net cash flows are the funds that are available to the owners to withdraw from the firm and, therefore, cash flows should be more important to them than net income.
III. You should prefer to have lower depreciation charges and therefore higher cash flows. Net cash flows are the funds that are available to the owners to withdraw from the firm and, therefore, cash flows should be more important to them than net income.
IV. You should prefer to have higher depreciation charges and therefore higher net income. Net income represents the funds that are available to the owners to withdraw from the firm and, therefore, net income should be more important to them than net cash flows.
V. You should prefer to have lower depreciation charges and therefore higher net income. Net income represents the funds that are available to the owners to withdraw from the firm and, therefore, net income should be more important to them than net cash flows.

As per rules I am answering the first 4 subparts of the question

1: Income Statement

Sales = 14,000,000

Less: Costs 80%= 11200000

EBITDA = 2800000

Less: Depreciation =1400,000

EBIT (Taxable income)= 1400000

Less: Taxes 35% = 490000

Net Income = 910000

2: Net cash flow= Net Income after tax + Depreciation

= 910,000+ 1400,000 = 2310000

3: III. If depreciation doubled, taxable income would fall to zero, taxes would be zero, and net cash flow would rise.

(If depreciation = 2.8 million, taxable income= 2.8-2.8 = 0, So there would be no tax. Net cash flow will be 0+2.8 = 2.8 million)

4: II. If depreciation were halved, taxable income and taxes would rise but net cash flow would fall.

(If depreciation = 0.7 million, taxable income= 2.8-0.7 = 2.1 million,Tax= 2.1*35% = 735,000. Net cash flow will be 2100,000-735000+700000 = 2065000)

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