Ghost, Inc., has no debt outstanding and a total market value of
$382,500. Earnings before interest and taxes, EBIT, are projected
to be $52,000 if economic conditions are normal. If there is strong
expansion in the economy, then EBIT will be 14 percent higher. If
there is a recession, then EBIT will be 23 percent lower. The
company is considering a $190,000 debt issue with an interest rate
of 7 percent. The proceeds will be used to repurchase shares of
stock. There are currently 8,500 shares outstanding. Ignore taxes
for questions a and b. Assume the company has a markettobook
ratio of 1.0 and the stock price remains constant.
Assume the firm has a tax rate of 25 percent.
c1. 
Calculate return on equity (ROE) under each of the three
economic scenarios before any debt is issued. (Do not round
intermediate calculations and enter your answers as a percent
rounded to 2 decimal places, e.g., 32.16.) 
c2. 
Calculate the percentage changes in ROE when the economy
expands or enters a recession. (A negative answer should be
indicated by a minus sign. Do not round intermediate calculations
and enter your answers as a percent rounded to 2 decimal places,
e.g., 32.16.) 
c3. 
Calculate the return on equity (ROE) under each of the three
economic scenarios assuming the firm goes through with the
recapitalization. (Do not round intermediate calculations
and enter your answers as a percent rounded to 2 decimal places,
e.g., 32.16.) 
c4. 
Given the recapitalization, calculate the percentage changes in
ROE when the economy expands or enters a recession. (A
negative answer should be indicated by a minus sign. Do not round
intermediate calculations and enter your answers as a percent
rounded to 2 decimal places, e.g., 32.16.) 
