Use the table to answer the following questions.
Year 
Gross Domestic Product units 
Total 
2019 
GDP in 2019 dollars 
$21.43 trillion 
2019 
GDP in 1980 dollars 
$6.91 trillion 
2000 
GDP in 2000 dollars 
$10.28 trillion 
2000 
GDP in 1980 dollars 
$4.92 trillion 
1980 
GDP in 1980 dollars 
$2.86 trillion 
What is real GDP for the year 1980?
a. 
$21.43 trillion 

b. 
$6.91 trillion 

c. 
$4.92  $2.86 trillion 

d. 
$2.86 trillion 
How much did nominal GDP grow between the years 1980 and 2000?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Using the GDP deflator, what was the inflation rate between 1980
and 2000?
a.
b.
c.
d.
(a) Real GDP for the year 1980 = $2.86 trillion. For the base year, nominal GDP as well as real GDP are same.
(b) Nonimal GDP in 1980 = $2.86 trillion and nominal GDP in 2000 = $10.28 trillion.
Hence, growth in nominal GDP from 1980 to 2000 = (10.28/2.86)1 = 259.4%.
The annual growth rate = (10.28/2.68)^(1/20)1=6.6% (upto 1 decimal point)
_______________________________
(c) [GDP deflator]2000 = [(nominal GDP * 100)/real GDP]2000 = (10.28 * 100) /4.92 = 208.9 (upto 1 decimal point).
On the other hand base year [GDP deflator]1980 = 100.
Hence, GDP deflator increases 208.9  100 = 108.9 or 108.9%.
On the other hand annual increase in GDP deflator = inflation = (208.9/100)^(1/20)1 = 3.8%
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