The US government and the Federal Reserve is a great source for economic data. The Federal Reserve site below will allow you to create graphs using data from the government. Create a graph that includes a measure of money such as M1 or M2, consumer price index, unemployment rate and real gross domestic product over time. Put time on the horizontal axis of your graph and the other variables on the vertical axis. You should be creating only one graph. Use monthly data that covers a time period of at least five years, with 2020 as the most current year.
Save your graph as a picture and insert into a Word file (.docx).
Write an essay in which you
1. Evaluate the currrent state of the economy based upon the data in your chart.
2. Prescribe an appropriate monetary policy for the economy. Explain why you selected the policy you did and how it will improve the economy.
3. State at least one assumption that underlies how effective monetary policy will be.
Spike in inflation last year was accustomed due to higher energy prices of
crude oil and higher demand and spending which crossed inflation in
CPi terms to 2.3percent.
The unemployment in 2019 has remained at 3.93 percent to 3.78 percent range and has decreased gradually due to higher capital expenditure by corporates after drastically cut downs of taxes which caused headroom inflation to spike and shoot.
As of 2019 end, the Fed funds rate remains at 1.7 percent and 10 year treasury yields at 1.8 percent and 30 year treasury yields at 2.07 percent. The chnages are exacerbated by anticipation of recession such that returns are higher in near term as risk is higher amd the economy looks to revive post 10 years which has caused yields to dip for 10 year and 30 years.
The yield curve has inverted which is strong indicator of recession as probability in near term as 5 year treasury yields are higher than 10 year and 30 years and hence long term view is stable but short term indicates slowdown.
Federal funds rate remains constant in anticipation of prevention of further inflation and st same time balancing counter effects of trade war so rise in funds rate can bring slowdown sooner however cut in rates can boost inflation levels and hence Fed maintain neutral stance.
Current primary concern of The US Fed is to monitor inflation as unemployment has been projected at 3.5 per cent however the negative implications of US china trade war and global uncertainty makes the Fed dovish but spiking inflation causes it to be hawkish amd thus is in tradeoff situation.
The Fed must watch and react
next month and look to keep interest rates constant and analyse
aftermath as US china trade war
has deescalated along with US
Iraq war and sanctions on Iran and also must evaluate unemployment number before
taking robust steps.
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