Question

Chapter 8. Suppose a farmer is a price taker (i.e. perfectly competitive) for soybean sales with a cost function given by TC=0.1q2 +2q+100 a. Find the marginal cost function. b. What is this firms supply curve? Hint: Supply curve expresses q (quantity) as a function of P (price). c. What is the profit maximizing level of output in the long-run? d. What is the long-run profit for this firm? f. Suppose the farmer has to purchase a license for $50 per period in order to stay in business. In this case, what is its marginal cost function?

Answer #1

Cost function given by TC= 0.1q^2 + 2q + 100

a. Marginal cost function is dTC/dq, derivative of total cost = 0.1*2q + 2. Hence MC = 0.2q + 2

b. Firm's supply curve is p = MC

0.2q + 2 = p

q = 5*(p - 2)

q = 5p - 10.

This is the supply function

c. Profit maximizing level of output in the long-run is determined at P = MC = AC

0.2q + 2 = 0.1q + 2 + 100/q

q^2 = 1000

q = 31.62

d. Long-run profit for this firm is 0 because in the long run price is equal to AC

f. Marginal cost does not change if there is an increase the fixed cost. Hence it is still 0.2q + 2.

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4 62 30.00
5 62 60.00
6 62 90.00
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