Elasticity = %change in demand / %change in price
% change in price = (new price - old price) / Old price * 100
= (2.10-1.90)/(1.90) * 100 = 10.5%
%change in demand = elasticity *%change in price
In short run (when elasticity is 0.1)
%change in demand = 0.1*10.5 = 1.05%
In long run (when elasticity is 0.9)
% change in demand = 0.9*10.5 = 9.45%
The change is larger in long run, because people can respond more easily to the change in price of heating oil in long run.
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