Consider the three mutually exclusive alternatives below. At the end of their useful lives, Alternatives X and Z will be replaced with identical replacements so that a 10-year service requirement is met. If the MARR is 3% per year, which alternative (if any) should be chosen based on the annual worth method?
Alt X | Alt Y | Alt Z | |
Capital investment | $300,000 | $425,000. | $500,000. |
Annual savings | $68,750 | $108,750. | $188,750. |
Salvage value | $90,000 | $125,000. | $140,000. |
Life, years | 10 | 20 | 5 |
Answer:
Annual worth=CR+A of AOC
CR=P(A/P,i,n)+S(A/F,i,n)
Here,
P=Initial investment cost
S=Salvage value
i=3%
n=10 years
A of AOC=Annual cost of operation
Annual worth of Alt X =-$300000(A/P,3%,10)-$90000(A/F,3%,10)+$68750=-$300000*0.1172-$90000*0.0872+$68750=-35160-7848+68750=$25742.
Annual worth of Alt Y =-$425000(A/P,3%,20)-$125000(A/F,3%,20)+$108750=-$425000*0.0672-$125000*0.0372+$108750=-28560-4650+108750=$75540.
Annual worth of Alt Z =-$500000(A/P,3%,5)-$140000(A/F,3%,5)+$188750=-$500000*0.2184-$140000*0.1884+$188750=-109200-26376+188750=$53174.
Annaul worth of Alt Y is maximum therefore Alt Y is to be chosen.
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