Question

Use the Solow model to solve. Suppose, you are the chief
economic advisor to a small African country with an aggregate per
capita production function
of y=2k^{1/2.} Population grows at a
rate of 1%. The savings rate is 12%, and the rate of depreciation
is 5%.

(a) On a graph, show the output, break-even investment, and
savings functions for this economy (as a function of capital per
worker). Denote steady-state capital per worker k^{*} and
steady-state output per worker y^{*}. Label the graph
completely

(b) What is the numerical value of this economy’s steady-state level of capital per worker? Output per worker? Show all necessary steps in computation.

(c) If capital per worker equals two units (k=4), explain how the economy works its way toward the steady state. Explain in words.

(d) How fast is output per worker in this economy growing in the long run? Explain

Answer #1

Use the Solow model to solve. Suppose, you are the chief
economic advisor to a small African country with an aggregate per
capita production function
of y=2k1/2. Population grows at a
rate of 1%. The savings rate is 12%, and the rate of depreciation
is 5%.
(a) At the steady-state level of output, what is the numerical
value of consumption? Identify the amount of consumption in your
graph in part a. Show your work.
(b) Say that population growth decreases in...

Question #1: The Basic Solow Model
Consider an economy in which the population grows at the rate of
1% per year. The per worker production function is y = k6, where y
is output per worker and k is capital per worker. The depreciation
rate of capital is 14% per year. Assume that households consume 90%
of their income and save the remaining 10% of their income.
(a) Calculate the following steady-state values of
(i) capital per worker
(ii) output...

Consider how unemployment would affect the Solow growth model.
Suppose that output is produced according to the production
function Y = Kα [(1 – u)L]1-α where K is
capital, L is the labor force, and u is the natural rate of
unemployment. The national saving rate is s, the labor force grows
at rate n, and capital depreciates at rate δ.
a. Write a condition that describes the golden rule
steady state of this economy.
b. Express the golden rule...

Assume that an economy is described by the Solow growth model as
below:
Production Function: y=50K^0.4 (LE)^0.6
Depreciation rate: S
Population growth rate: n
Technological growth rate:g
Savings rate: s
a. What is the per effective worker production function?
b. Show that the per effective worker production function
derived in part a above exhibits diminishing marginal returns in
capital per effective worker
C.Solve for the steady state output per effective worker as a
function of s,n,g, and S
d. A...

17. Solow growth The production function in your country is: Y =
K^0.5(LE)^0.5.
Your economy saves 24% of output each period, and 5% of the
capital stock depreciates each period. The population grows 2%
annually. Technology grows 1% annually. You begin with 1000 workers
and 1 unit of capital, and a tech- nology level equal to 1.
a) Write the production function in per-eective-worker terms, so
that per-effective-worker output (y = Y/LE ) is a function of
per-effective-worker capital (k=...

Solow Growth Model Question: Consider an economy where output
(Y) is produced according to function Y=F(K,L). L is number of
workers and Y is the capital stock. Production function F(K,L) has
constant returns to scale and diminishing marginal returns to
capital and labor individually. Economy works under assumption that
technology is constant over time. The economy is in the
steady-state capital per worker. Draw graph. Next scenario is that
the rate of depreciation of capital increases due to climate change...

Answer the following questions using the basic Solow growth
model, without population growth or technological progress.
(a) Draw a diagram with per worker output, y, consumption, c,
saving, s and investment, i, on the vertical axis and capital per
worker, k, on the horizontal condition. On this diagram, clearly
indicate steady-state values for c, i, and y. Briefly outline the
condition that holds in the steady- state (i.e. what is the
relationship between investment and the depreciation of
capital?).
(b)...

Consider a version of the Solow model where population grows at
the constant rate ? > 0 and labour efficiency grows at rate ?.
Capital depreciates at rate ? each period and a fraction ? of
income is invested in physical capital every period. Assume that
the production function is given by:
?t =
?ta(?t?t
)1-a
Where ??(0,1), ?t is output, ?t is
capital, ?t is labour and ?t is labour
efficiency.
a. Show that the production function exhibits constant...

Assume that an economy described by the Solow model has the
production function Y = K 0.4 ( L E ) 0.6, where all the variables
are defined as in class. The saving rate is 30%, the capital
depreciation rate is 3%, the population growth rate is 2%, and the
rate of change in labor effectiveness (E) is 1%.
For this country, what is f(k)? How did you define lower case
k?
Write down the equation of motion for k....

Suppose that the economy’s production function is given by
Y = K1/3N2/3
and that both, the savings rate s and the depreciation rate δ
are equal to 0.10.
a. What is the steady-state level of capital
per worker?
b. What is the steady-state level of output per
worker?
Suppose that the economy is in steady state and that, in period
t the depreciation rate increases permanently from 0.10 to
0.20.
c. What will be the new steady-state levels of
capital...

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