Question

1. For the following, assuming that there is no population growth or technological progress.

a) What is the equation that defines the steady-state level of capital per worker?

b) How would you determine the steady state level or output per worker (i.e., real GDP per capita) from (a).

c) Explain, in words, how an economy that starts with too much capita per worker gets to its steady state.

2. Many demographers predict that the United States will have zero annual population growth in the 21st century, in contrast to one percent annual population growth that occurred in the 20th century. Use the Solow Model (without technological advancement) to predict the effect of this slowdown in population growth on the steady state

a) level of output per person

b) economic growth rate

Answer #1

In the Solow growth model of an economy with population growth
and technological progress, the steady-state growth rate in output
per worker is equal to:
(a) zero
(b) the rate of technological progress g.
(c) the growth rate of population n plus the rate of technological
progress g. (d) the rate of technological progress g minus the
growth rate of population n.
In the Solow growth model of an economy with population growth
and technological progress, the steady-state growth rate...

In the Solow growth model with population growth but no
technological progress, if in the steady state the marginal product
of capital equals 0.10, the depreciation rate equals 0.05, and the
rate of population growth equals 0.03, then the capital per worker
ratio ____ the Golden Rule level.
A) is above
B) is below
C) is equal to
D) will move to

Answer the following questions using the basic Solow growth
model, without population growth or technological progress.
(a) Draw a diagram with per worker output, y, consumption, c,
saving, s and investment, i, on the vertical axis and capital per
worker, k, on the horizontal condition. On this diagram, clearly
indicate steady-state values for c, i, and y. Briefly outline the
condition that holds in the steady- state (i.e. what is the
relationship between investment and the depreciation of
capital?).
(b)...

1) In the steady state of the Solow model with technological
progress, which of the following variables is not
constant?
(a) capital per effective worker
(b) the real rental price of capital
(c) the real wage
(d) the capital-output ratio
2) The U.S. economy has more/less capital than at
the Golden Rule steady state, suggesting that it may be desirable
to
increase/decrease the rate of saving.
3) The purpose of exogenous/endogenous
growth theory is to explain technological progress. Some of these...

In the solow growth model, the steady-state growth rate of
output per worker is ________
(a) equal to the sum of the rate of technological progress plus
the rate of population growth
(b) greater than zero
(c) equal to zero
(d) less than zero

1. In the Solow model without exogenous technological change,
per capita income will grow in the long term as
long as the country has an initial level of capital below the
steady state level of capital (k o < k ⋅)
TRUE OR FALSE?
2. In the Solow model without exogenous technological change, per
capita income will grow in the short term as long
as the country has an initial level of capital below the steady
state level of capital...

Consider the simple version of the Solow model, with no
population growth and no technological change. Suppose that, due to
an aging capital stock, an economy experiences a sudden increase in
its depreciation rate.
a. Show the impact of an increase in the depreciation rate to ?
′ > ? on the diagram.
b. What happens to the steady-state level of capital?
_______
c. What happens to the level of output in the steady state?
_______
d. Assuming that the...

Explain the meaning of technology and discuss the effect of
technological progress on economic growth. Carefully explain the
effect on real GDP, real GDP per capita and average labour
productivity.

In the Solow model, increases in the rate of population growth
and increases in the rate of technological progress both lower the
steady state values of capital and output per efficiency unit. True
or false: Therefore both are undesirable. If false, explain how
they differ in their consequences for levels and growth rates of
Y/L.

1.
In Solow model without technological progress, a 5% increase in
capital stock K
will cause:
Group of answer choices
Y to increase by exactly 5%.
a decrease in K/N.
a decrease in Y/N.
no change in Y/N.
Y to increase by less than 5%.
2.
Assume that an economy experiences both positive population
growth and technological progress. Once the economy has achieved
balanced growth, according to Solow model with technological
progress, we know that the output per effective worker...

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