Question

Answer the following questions using the basic Solow growth model, without population growth or technological progress.

(a) Draw a diagram with per worker output, y, consumption, c, saving, s and investment, i, on the vertical axis and capital per worker, k, on the horizontal condition. On this diagram, clearly indicate steady-state values for c, i, and y. Briefly outline the condition that holds in the steady- state (i.e. what is the relationship between investment and the depreciation of capital?).

(b) Suppose that society becomes less thrifty, resulting in a lower rate of savings, s. Using the above diagram, how does the new steady-state capital stock per worker, k, compare to the stock in part (a)? How does output per worker compare? How does consumption per worker compare? [Note: Even if output per worker decreases, consumption per worker need not decrease. Why not?]

(c) Suppose that the saving rate decreases at time t0. On a graph plot c, k, and i against t and show how the economy adjusts between the original and the new steady-state. Briefly explain why each variable is changing in the way that you have drawn it in your diagram.

Answer #1

Question #1: The Basic Solow Model
Consider an economy in which the population grows at the rate of
1% per year. The per worker production function is y = k6, where y
is output per worker and k is capital per worker. The depreciation
rate of capital is 14% per year. Assume that households consume 90%
of their income and save the remaining 10% of their income.
(a) Calculate the following steady-state values of
(i) capital per worker
(ii) output...

In the Solow growth model with population growth but no
technological progress, if in the steady state the marginal product
of capital equals 0.10, the depreciation rate equals 0.05, and the
rate of population growth equals 0.03, then the capital per worker
ratio ____ the Golden Rule level.
A) is above
B) is below
C) is equal to
D) will move to

2. Consider a numerical example using the Solow growth model:
The production technology is Y=F(K,N)=K0.5N0.5 and people consume
after saving a proportion of income, C=(1-s)Y. The capital per
worker, k=K/N, evolves by (1+n)k’=szf(k)+(1-d)k.
(a) Describe the steady state k* as a function of other
variables
(b) Suppose that there are two countries with the same steady
state capital per worker k* and zero growth rate of
population(n=0), but differ by saving rate, s and depreciation
rate, d. So we assume...

Consider a numerical example using the Solow growth model: The
production technology is Y=F(K,N)=K0.5N0.5 and people consume after
saving a proportion of income, C=(1-s)Y. The capital per worker,
k=K/N, evolves by (1+n)k’=szf(k)+(1-d)k.
(a) Describe the steady state k* as a function of other
variables.
(b) Suppose that there are two countries with the same steady
state capital per worker k* and zero growth rate of
population(n=0), but differ by saving rate, s and depreciation
rate, d. So we assume that...

1. For the following, assuming that there is no population
growth or technological progress.
a) What is the equation that defines the steady-state level of
capital per worker?
b) How would you determine the steady state level or output per
worker (i.e., real GDP per capita) from (a).
c) Explain, in words, how an economy that starts with too much
capita per worker gets to its steady state.
2. Many demographers predict that the United States will have
zero annual...

Use information to answer questions below.
Y = f(k) = ka, where a = 0.25
S = 0.3
δ = 0.2
n = 0.05
g= 0.02
a. Find the steady state capital per effective worker, output
per effective worker, investment per effective worker, and
consumption per effective worker.
b. Find the steady state growth rate of capital per worker,
output per worker, investment per worker, and consumption per
worker.
c. Find the steady state growth rate of capital, output,
investment,...

17. Solow growth The production function in your country is: Y =
K^0.5(LE)^0.5.
Your economy saves 24% of output each period, and 5% of the
capital stock depreciates each period. The population grows 2%
annually. Technology grows 1% annually. You begin with 1000 workers
and 1 unit of capital, and a tech- nology level equal to 1.
a) Write the production function in per-eective-worker terms, so
that per-effective-worker output (y = Y/LE ) is a function of
per-effective-worker capital (k=...

Answer the following
Y = f(k) = ka, where a = 0.25
S = 0.3
δ = 0.2
n = 0.05
g= 0.02
a. Find the steady state capital per effective worker, output
per effective worker, investment per effective worker, and
consumption per effective worker.
b. Find the steady state growth rate of capital per worker,
output per worker, investment per worker, and consumption per
worker.
c. Find the steady state growth rate of capital, output,
investment, and consumption.
d....

Consider how unemployment would affect the Solow growth model.
Suppose that output is produced according to the production
function Y = Kα [(1 – u)L]1-α where K is
capital, L is the labor force, and u is the natural rate of
unemployment. The national saving rate is s, the labor force grows
at rate n, and capital depreciates at rate δ.
a. Write a condition that describes the golden rule
steady state of this economy.
b. Express the golden rule...

1) In the steady state of the Solow model with technological
progress, which of the following variables is not
constant?
(a) capital per effective worker
(b) the real rental price of capital
(c) the real wage
(d) the capital-output ratio
2) The U.S. economy has more/less capital than at
the Golden Rule steady state, suggesting that it may be desirable
to
increase/decrease the rate of saving.
3) The purpose of exogenous/endogenous
growth theory is to explain technological progress. Some of these...

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