Question

# A perfectly competitive firm’s total cost function is given by: TC = 400+4Q^2 . The minimum...

A perfectly competitive firm’s total cost function is given by: TC = 400+4Q^2 . The minimum point of average total cost (ATC) is reached at Q=10. You also know that the market demand function for this product is: QD=100-P. How many firms are in the market in the long-run? (Hint: first you need to find the price in the long-run)

Select one:
a. N=6
b. N=4
c. N=2
d. None of the above

In the long-run, equilibrium is achieved where

P = MC = ATC

At the minimum of ATC, ATC and MC both are equal

So we can say in the long-run, equilibrium is achieved at the minimum of ATC where

P = MC = ATC

Now in the above question P = MC = ATC at 10 units.

ATC = TC / Q

ATC = 400 + 4Q2 / Q

ATC = 400/Q + 4Q

P = ATC = 400/Q + 4Q

P = ATC = 400/(10) + 4(10)

P = 80

Now we will use this price in demand function to find the market demand

Q = 100 - P

Q = 100 - (80)

Q = 20

Number of Firms = Market Demand / Individual Demand

Number of Firms = 20 / 10

Number of Firms = 2

Hence C is correct

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