Question

One of the most popular games of chance is a dice game known as “craps”, played in casinos around the world. Here are the rules of the game:

A player rolls two six-sided die, which means he can roll a 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 on either die. After the dice come to rest they are added together and their sum determines the outcome. If the sum is 7 or 11 on the first roll, the player wins. If the sum is 2, 3, or 12 on the first roll, the player loses (this is called “craps”). If the player rolls 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10 on the first throw, then that becomes the player’s “point”. To win, the player must “make their point”, that means that they must roll the sum they got on that first throw, so they keep rolling the dice. The player loses by rolling a 7 before making the point.

Part 1: The basic program

a) Write a flow chart or pseudo code for part 1 of the
homework.

b) Write a C++ program that simulates the playing of
this game with two players. You will need:

1. An introduction to your program with instructions
and your name.

2. The players are prompted for a random number
seed.

3. A function that generates the random numbers and
prints the results to the interface. Two separate random numbers
must be generated for the two die, not the sum. This function
returns the toss of one die after the user is prompted to tap the
spacebar.

4. The program alternates players rolling the
die.

5. The program keeps track of the number of wins for
each player.

6. The program tells the users if player 1 or 2 wins
after 3 points are won.

7. Write the output to a file.

Part 2: Wagering

The program must ask the users if they want to gamble. This option
will bypass a finite limit number of plays. Both players start with
a bank balance of $1000 dollars. Each turn, players are asked to
enter a minimum wager of $100. If the player wins, the balance is
increased by the wager, if they lose, it is decreased. The program
continues as long as the player has a positive bank balance, and
they cannot wager more than is in the bank. When they lose, give a
message like “Player X, you’re busted!”, and you can send other
messages….

Answer #1

Hi,

writing the program itself took a lot of time.. Sorry I could not prepare the flowchart..

Please find the code below for Part 1.

For part 2, its very simple modification to do in this program... please try.. if you are unable to do, let me know will help you in that.

#include <iostream> #include <cstdlib> #include <ctime> // namespace included. using namespace std; unsigned int rollDice(); int main(){ // variables declared. unsigned int myPoint = 0; unsigned int sumOfDice; // pointsA and pointsB take care of points won by PlayerA and PlayerB. int pointsA = 0; int pointsB = 0; // flag takes care of who is playing the game. // flag = true -> Player A is playing // flag = false -> Player B is playing. bool flag = true; // die1 and die2 have the die value returned from rollDice() function. int die1 = 0; int die2 = 0; // repeat the loop till either Player wins. while ((pointsA != 3) && (pointsB != 3)){ // Player A is playing if(flag){ cout << endl << "-----------------------------------------" << endl; cout << "Player 1 is playing" << endl; cout << "Current points are " << pointsA << endl; cout << "For Die 1," << endl; die1 = rollDice(); cout << "Player 1 has got " << die1 << " in die1" << endl; cout << "For Die 2," << endl; die2 = rollDice(); cout << "Player 1 has got " << die2 << " in die2" << endl; sumOfDice = die1 + die2; cout << "Sum of the Dice is " << sumOfDice << endl; } // PlayerB playing else{ cout << endl << "-----------------------------------------" << endl; cout << "Player 2 is playing" << endl; cout << "Current points are " << pointsB << endl; cout << "For Die 1," << endl; die1 = rollDice(); cout << "Player 2 has got " << die1 << " in die1" << endl; cout << "For Die 2," << endl; die2 = rollDice(); cout << "Player 2 has got " << die2 << " in die2" << endl; sumOfDice = die1 + die2; cout << "Sum of the Dice is " << sumOfDice << endl; } switch(sumOfDice){ // if the sumOfDice is 7 or 11, points gained. case 7: case 11: if(flag) pointsA++; else pointsB++; break; // if sumOfDice is 2,3, or 12, points lost. case 2: case 3: case 12: if(flag) pointsA--; else pointsB--; break; // if we are in this case, try to "make point" as in the program description. default: myPoint = sumOfDice; cout << "Point is " << myPoint << endl; cout << "Roll again" << endl; cout << "For Die 1," << endl; die1 = rollDice(); cout << "For Die 2," << endl; die2 = rollDice(); sumOfDice = die1 + die2; if(sumOfDice == myPoint){ if(flag) pointsA++; else pointsB++; } else{ if(flag) pointsA--; else pointsB--; } break; } // Change the player flag = !flag; } cout << endl << endl << endl; // check who has won the game. if(pointsA == 3) cout << "PlayerA wins" << endl; else if (pointsB == 3) cout << "PlayerB wins" << endl; } // return the dice value. unsigned int rollDice(){ int n = 0; cout << "Enter the seed number: " << endl; cin >> n; // srand takes the different seed each time based on the user input. srand(n); unsigned int die = 1 + rand() %6; return die; } OUTPUT: $ g++ craps.cpp $ ./a.out ----------------------------------------- Player 1 is playing Current points are 0 For Die 1, Enter the seed number: 12 Player 1 has got 3 in die1 For Die 2, Enter the seed number: 123 Player 1 has got 2 in die2 Sum of the Dice is 5 Point is 5 Roll again For Die 1, Enter the seed number: 234 For Die 2, Enter the seed number: 345 ----------------------------------------- Player 2 is playing Current points are 0 For Die 1, Enter the seed number: 56 Player 2 has got 4 in die1 For Die 2, Enter the seed number: 45 Player 2 has got 5 in die2 Sum of the Dice is 9 Point is 9 Roll again For Die 1, Enter the seed number: 34 For Die 2, Enter the seed number: 456 ----------------------------------------- Player 1 is playing Current points are -1 For Die 1, Enter the seed number: 345 Player 1 has got 4 in die1 For Die 2, Enter the seed number: 4567 Player 1 has got 4 in die2 Sum of the Dice is 8 Point is 8 Roll again For Die 1, Enter the seed number: 3 For Die 2, Enter the seed number: 4566 ----------------------------------------- Player 2 is playing Current points are -1 For Die 1, Enter the seed number: 4567 Player 2 has got 4 in die1 For Die 2, Enter the seed number: 352 Player 2 has got 2 in die2 Sum of the Dice is 6 Point is 6 Roll again For Die 1, Enter the seed number: 23 For Die 2, Enter the seed number: 23 ----------------------------------------- Player 1 is playing Current points are -2 For Die 1, Enter the seed number: 234 Player 1 has got 6 in die1 For Die 2, Enter the seed number: 23 Player 1 has got 3 in die2 Sum of the Dice is 9 Point is 9 Roll again For Die 1, Enter the seed number: 423 For Die 2, Enter the seed number: 23 .. . . . . . . . .. .. .. .After a lot of trials, finally I got the output as below ----------------------------------------- Player 1 is playing Current points are 2 For Die 1, Enter the seed number: Player 1 has got 2 in die1 For Die 2, Enter the seed number: Player 1 has got 2 in die2 Sum of the Dice is 4 Point is 4 Roll again For Die 1, Enter the seed number: For Die 2, Enter the seed number: PlayerA wins

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