The United States ranks number one and Brazil ranks second as the largest producers of fuel ethanol and biodiesel.They accounted for 84% of global ethanol production between them in 2017, and 26% of biodiesel production. In both countries, fuel ethanol and biodiesel are blended with fossil transport fuels, and in Brazil unblended fuel ethanol also competes directly with gasoline at the pump.
For fuel ethanol, corn is the principal feed stock in the United States and Brazil mainly uses sugar cane.
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